Flashcards in Ch 2 Social Justice Deck (48):
Justice or Charity?
A group of students visits a nursing home for an hour a week to fulfill a requirement for their religion course.
Writing a letter to the editor of a newspaper voicing opposition to the death penalty.
Working at a soup kitchen
A fraternity holds a canned food drive for poor families just before the Christmas holidays.
An environmental organization lobbies members of Congress to pass legislation protecting the environment.
Voting for a bill that increases safety standards in industry.
A restaurant donates its surplus food to a soup kitchen
Tutoring poor children in math
Shoveling an elderly neighbor's driveway during a snowstorm
Picketing a place of business that has racist hiring policies.
Donating clothes to a shelter for victims of domestic violence
Contributing money to a homeless shelter
Ervin tries to be as good as a person can be because he wants to go to Heaven
Clyde resists the temptation to cheat on his test, evem though he is pretty sure he could get away with it.
Despite never being printed, Ruth continues to write ketters to the editor against abortion
Marvin decides to help out at a summer camp helping the underprivileged because he believes rhey have dignity.
Fred decides that he has had enough to eat after one plateful, even though he's at an all-you-can-eat restaurant
Maybelle decides to donate some of her allowance to salvation army because she knows it will help the homeless
Raylon decides to pay the asking price for a used car because it is in excellent condition and its the model he wants
Arnold gets up and goes to church because he wants to keep the sabbath holy
Frankie doesnt join in in making fun of the new kid in class
Pearl donates some blankets to the homeless shelter because of the recent cold snap in the city.
Webster decides that he should only take the amount he can afford to lose to the casino
Tommy stops drinking so that he can drive home safely
Melvin pays for his toothpaste at target even though he thinks he could probably walk out with it.
Agatha is leaning towards buying the more expensive shirt because it isnt made in a sweat shop
Charity versus Justice
Charity: Good Samaritan; gives temprary relief to victim of injustice; private individual acts; responds to immediate needs; provides direct service; requires repeated actions; directed at symptoms of injustice; rarely controversial
Justice: Moses challenges the institution that oppresses his people; public, group actions; addresses long term needs; works to change institutions; resolves structural injustice; directed at the root cause of the injustice; usually controverisal
4 Types of Justice
Distributive Justice---Justice that guarantees the common welfare. It invloves sharing. It sees to the just distribution of the goods of creation that God intends for all of us to use and share. Basic human dignity requires that we give enough the right to enough goods to live a human life. We entrust this to the government; taxes= fire and police for all; education
Commutative Justice--- Fairness in agreements and exchanges between individuals and private social groups. You get what you pay for. Commutative justice is based on the principle of equality between what is given and what is received.
Legal Justice---The flip side of distributive justice. Legal justice regards citizens' obligations toward larger society and government. Legal justice requires that citizens follow state laws and participate in government.
Social Justice---Applies the Gospel message of Jesus to the structures, systems, and laws of society in order to guarantee the rights of individuals. Social justice demands that everyone have a fair say in the social, political, and economic institutions of society. Everyone has the right to contribute to greater society (contributive justice)
A welfare program like food stamps provides low income with enough food to eat
Agreeing to mow a neighbor's lawn for a set price
All males must register with the selective service within 30 days of turning 18.
A trade agreement between an Asian and European Country
A student loan program ensures that anyone accepted to college is able to attend
A referee agrees to fairly officiate a ball game
All citizens must file their taxes on or before April 15
Paying the cahier for Christmas gifts
You must be 18 to vote
A country constantly monitors its laws and policies to make sure they aplly to all citizens equally.
Paying taxes so all people are guaranteed police and fire protection
Cardinal virtues are good habits that we can acquire theough human effort, and help us cooperate with and respond to God's love for us.
Definition of cardinal virtue
Good common sense, human reason married to truth. Helps us discover what is good in every situation and helps us choose the right ways of achieving it.
Gives us firmness, strength, and courage to deal with temptations, difficulties, and dangers in doing what is right and true. Spiritual "intestinal courage" to help us do what is right while overcoming fear.
Moderates the attraction of the pleasures and provides balance in the use of created goods. Control of appetitie for human goods and their use in the right way.
These virtues are god-given, meaning their origin, motive, and object is God the father, God the son, and God the Holy Spirit. Foundation of Catholic moral life. Allow holy spirit to be in us and work in us.
Empowers us to believe in God and all that he has said and revealed to us, including what the church proposes as belief.
Helps us to desire heaven and eternal happiness, trudting firmly in Christ's promises and relying, not on one's efforts, but on the help and graces of the Holy Spirit.
Enables us to love God above all else for his own sake and love thy neighbor as oneself. Charity is the most important virtue. We cannot work for justice without charity.