Ch 4 Social Justice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4 Social Justice Deck (70):
1

Pope John Paul II noted the way society tolerates or encourages the termination of unwanted pregnancies contributes to a "..."

"Culture of death"

2

What are the two major factors that have lead to today's direcspect for the sanctity of life according to the pope and bishops??

--Breakdown of the Family
--Freedom as the absolute value

3

Being pro-life entails among other things, that .... is the author of life which begins at the moment of ....

God, conception

4

Pro-choice arguments often emphasizes a woman's right to .... and ... as a greater right than a child's right to life.

Choice and privacy

5

As opposed to adult stem cells, embryonic stem cells have the potential to become .... ..... .... body cell

Any kind of

6

T or F
The church does not support any type of stem cell research

False; supports most that use adult stem cells; disapproves of embryonic stem cells

7

The Catechism defines euthanasia as having " the purpose of _____ _____ _____"

Eliminating all suffering

8

Christians, as opposed to mainstream culture, do not see suffering as _____.

Meaningless

9

In caring for the sick, the Church distinguishes between _____ _____ and the decision not to employ "______ ______."

"Ordinary Care"
"Extraordinary means"

10

Name the three criteria for judging whether means of caring for the sick are extraordinary or not.

----The kind of treatment to be used
----Its complexity and risk
----Its cost and possibilities of using it

11

Euthanasia violates the 5th Commandement and the dignity of the individual which goes contrary to " _________"

"God's absolute sovereignty over life and death"

12

T or F
Jesus taught that capital punishment was acceptable at times

False; his teachings are a major challenge to anyone trying to justify the use of capital punishment. Taught non-violence, non-retaliation, and forgiveness.

13

Retribution, deterrence, and reform are used as reasons to punish someone. Which are being overlooked?

All three are being overlooked in relation to the death penalty.

14

What is the referenced "cycle of violence"

Continuous propagation of violence throughout society, largely sustained by the death penalty. Capital punishment does little to deter a criminal, and reform is impossible with the death penalty.

15

Two benefits of abolishing the death penalty

---It would tell society that it can stop the "cycle of violence", and that there are more humane and effective ways to deal with criminals.
---It would maintain and manifest our belief in the unique worth of each person from the moment of conception to natural death.

16

Cardinal Berdinin held the viewpoint that Carholic Social Teaching should adhere to the "_______ _______" of Jesus' tunic and maintain a "_____ ______ _______ _____."

Seamless garment #1
Consistant ethic of life #2

17

Name and explain 3 of 4 realms where the Church maintains her commitment to life

----Promoting family life
----Protecting human life
----Practicing Global Solidarity

18

What does euthanasia popularly mean??

Mercy killing

19

What does the gospel of life define as "an act of omission which of itself and by intention causes death, with the purpose of eliminating all suffering?"

Euthanasia

20

To mindsets/reasons for wanting to legalize euthanasia??

---A cultural climate that sees no value in suffering; worst of all evils
---People that neglect God often think they have control over life and death.

21

What are two reasons euthanasia's wrong??

---it would give too much power to doctors
---it violates the Hippocratic Oath, which makes doctors swear to preserve life, not take it.

22

What are three options for those with terminal illness?

---unrelieved suffering
---euthanasia
---palliative medicine

23

Which of treatments for those with terminal illnesses is accepted by church teaching??

Palliative Care

24

Is refusing aggressive treatment equated with euthanasia/suicide??

No

25

The church strongly condemns euthaniasia, suicide, and assisted suicide despite _____ and ____ they are done.

How and why

26

St Augustine wrote that it is _____ moral to kill another person, even if he should wish it, indeed request it.

Never

27

According to Church teaching, do we have the right to die??

No

28

What countries have physician assisted suicide??

Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and Switzerland.

29

What states, have legalized physician assisted suicide??

CA, OR, WA, MT, and VT.

30

What are stem cells??

Cells with the ability to divide for indefinite periods and gove rise to specialized cells; they are unspecialized and can be induced to become tissue or organ-specific cells.

31

What are adult stem cells??

Thought to be an undifferentiated cell, found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ. It can revitalize itself and yield some or all major specialized cell types.

32

How many sperm are ejaculated??

500 million

33

What is the precious cargo carried by the sperm cell?

The father's DNA

34

____ appears to stimulate the sperm to swim faster and further

Coffee

35

The ____ is the smallest cell in the human body

Sperm

36

The ____ cell is the largest cell in the human body

Egg

37

The egg contains the mother's _____

Own genetic code

38

Recent research says sperm have a sense of _____ that helps them find the egg

Smell

39

How many sperm get into the egg?

1

40

The moment of _______ is when the sperm and egg move

Conception

41

The egg travels through the fallopian tubes to the ________.

Uterus

42

The egg ______ the first time day one

Divides

43

Day 4-5: the egg has grown to _____ cells

100

44

At 1 Week
The egg arrives in the ______

Uterus

45

The first organ to form is the _______

Heart

46

At 6 weeks, the embryo is almost ______ inch(es) long

1 inch

47

At 6 weeks, the _______ are glassy domes without lids

Eyes

48

At 6 weeks, the ______ will be about 1/4 the body length

Head

49

The embryo becomes known as a "_____" which means "_____"

Fetus, offspring

50

At 9 weeks, the _______ _________ is developing fast

Nervous system

51

How many countries in the world had the death penalty in 2015??

At least 25

52

How many worldwide executions in 2015?

At least 1,634

53

How many countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes?

102

54

How many have abolished for ordinary crimes only?

6

55

How many countries abolished death penalty in practice?

32

56

How many countries have retained the death penalty?

58

57

Which country executes the most people?

China

58

Top 3 countries in 2016 executions?

China (1,000s), Iran (977+), and Pakistan (326)

59

How many people on death row in US in 2016

2905

60

Which three states have the most on death row??

California (741), Florida (396), Texas (254)

61

How many people have been executed in the US since 1976??

1448

62

How many states have outlawed the death penalty??

19

63

How many people executed in the US so far in 2017

6

64

How many on KY death row??

34

65

How many executed in KY since 1976??

3

66

When was the last KY execution?

2008

67

Murder rate in KY??

4.7

68

How many innocents have been freed from death row in KY?

1

69

How many people have been granted clemency from death row in KY?

2

70

Abortion does not recognize that the right to life is guaranteed from the moment of.....

Conception