Ch 22/40 Flashcards Preview

Infection Control And Medical Asepsis/Phlebotomy > Ch 22/40 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 22/40 Deck (22)
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1

Chemical in a blood tube that prevents the clotting of the blood by removing the calcium from the blood or by stopping the formation of thrombin

Anticoagulant

2

Device that spins tubes using centrifugal force to separate the fluid portion of blood from the formed elements

Centrifuge

3

Red blood cell

Erythrocyte

4

A large bruise, accumulation of blood around the venipuncture site during or after venipuncture caused by the leakage of blood from where the needle punctured the vein

Hematoma

5

White blood cell

Leukocyte

6

Puncturing into a vein with a needle to obtain a blood sample

Venipuncture

7

Degree of thickness of a liquid

Viscosity

8

Spread of disease causing microorganism over long distances through the air

Airborne transmission

9

Freedom from any infectious material

Aseptic

10

Micro-organism capable of causing disease found in blood or components of blood

Blood borne pathogen

11

Contagious

Communicable

12

Field of science that studies the history, causes and patterns of infectious diseases

Epidemiology

13

Waste matter

Excretion

14

Substance that absorbs and transmits infectious material

Fomite

15

(Human immunodeficiency virus) virus causing AIDS

HIV

16

Microscopic living creature capable of transmission and reproduction in specific circumstances

Microorganism

17

Microorganism that are normally present in a specific site

Normal flora

18

Disease-producing microorganism

Pathogen

19

Substance produced by the cells of glandular organs from materials in the blood

Secretion

20

A carrier of disease usually an insect, that is the causative organism of disease from infected to noninfected individuals

Vector

21

Any material placed in a tube that maintains or facilitates the integrity and function of the specimen

Additive

22

Device used to facilitate vein prominence

Tourniquet