Ch. 3 Flashcards Preview

Ethics > Ch. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 3 Deck (12):
1

principle

a general normative standard of conduct, holding that a particular decision or action is true or right or good for all people in all times and all places

2

nonmaleficence

the principle that states the duty to avoid harming the patient, summarized in the phrase "do no harm"

3

primum non nocere

a Latin term meaning "first, do no harm"

4

beneficence

the principle of promoting good or well-being

5

autonomy

the principle of self-determination in a person; the right the participate in and decide on a course of action without undue influence; provides the foundation for a right to privacy and the ability to choose

6

justice

the principle that deals with fairness and the allocation of what people earn or deserve

7

distributive justice

the just allocation and distribution of resources for the good of society

8

capacity

a clinical term used to describe a person's ability to understand his or her health care conditions and treatment options and ability to make decisions independently

9

veracity

truth-telling; honesty

10

informed consent

the act of providing info to and ensuring the understanding of a patient regarding treatment risks, options, and the nature of disease or problem

11

implied promises

not specifically stated or written by capable of being inferred by action

12

Normative Principles

Provide a cognitive framework for analyzing moral questions and problems.
Nonmaleficence –”do no harm” not harming or inflicting the least harm possible to reach a beneficial outcome. Includes preventing and removing harm. Cannot always avoid pain, but it can be beneficial.
Beneficence-an action that is done for the benefit of others—removing existing harm.
Autonomy-the right to make individual informed choices
Justice—providing individual or group with what is deserved