Ch. 3 Terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 3 Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 3 Terminology Deck (98):
1

arthralgia

pain in the joint

2

otalgia

pain in the ear

3

neuralgia

pain of nerves

4

myalgia

pain of the muscles

5

rectocele

hernia of the rectum

6

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

7

thoracentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

8

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from amnion

9

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

10

streptococcus

berry shaped bacterium found in twisted chains

11

staphyococci

berry shaped bacteria in clusters

12

erythrocyte

red blood cell

13

leukocyte

white blood cell

14

thrombocyte

clotting cell

15

pleurodynia

pain in the chest wall muscle that is aggrivated by breathing (literally; pain of the pleura)

16

laryngectomy

removal of the larynx (voice box)

17

mastectomy

removal of the breast

18

anemia

decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin

19

ischemia

to hold back blood from an area of the body

20

carcingenesis

condition of producing cancer

21

pathogenesis

condition of producing disease

22

angiogenesis

formation of blood vessels

23

electroencephalogram

record of electricity in the brain

24

electroencephalography

process of recording electricity in the brain

25

mammogram

record (x-ray) of the breast

26

electroencephalograph

instrument for recording the electricity in the brain

27

angiography

process of recording (x-ray imagining) of the blood vessels

28

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

29

myelitis

inflammation of the spinal cord

30

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

31

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein with clot formation

32

ophthalmology

study of the eye

33

morphology

study of shape and form

34

hemolysis

destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin)

35

osteomalacia

softening of bone

36

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

37

acromegaly

enlargement of extremities

38

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

39

myoma

tumor (benign) of the muscle

40

myosarcoma

tumor (malignant) of the muscle-a type of flesh (sar/o) tissue

41

multiple myeloma

tumor (malignant) of the bone marrow

42

hematoma

collection of blood; a bruise

43

biopsy

to view life; microscopic examination of living tissue

44

necropsy

to view death-autopsy or postmortem examination

45

necrosis

condition of death (of cells)

46

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of water in the kidneys

47

leukocytosis

abnormal condition (slight increase) of normal white blood cells

48

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

49

erythropenia

deficiency of red blood cells

50

neutropenia

deficiency of neutrophils

51

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of clotting cells

52

acrophobia

fear of heights

53

agoraphobia

fear of being in open, crowded spaces (marketplace)

54

achondroplasia

no development of cartilage

55

angioplasty

surgical repair of blood vessel

56

blepharoptosis

prolapse, drooping eyelid

57

arteriosclerosis

hardening of arteries

58

laparoscope

instrument to visually examine the abdomen

59

laparoscopy

process of visually examination of the abdomen

60

metastasis

beyond control; spread of a canerous tumor

61

hemostasis

stopping the flow of blood

62

colonstomy

new opening of the colon (to the outside of the body)

63

tracheostomy

new opening in the windpipe (trachea) to the outside of the body

64

hydrotherapy

treatment with water

65

chemotherapy

treatment with drugs

66

radiotherapy

treatment with x-ray

67

laparotomy

incision into the abdomen

68

phlebotomy

incision of a vein

69

tracheotomy

incision in the trachea

70

hypertrophy

excessive development

71

atrophy

no development; wasting away of tissue

72

radiographer

one who records x-rays

73

leukemia

condition of increase in white blood cells (malignancy)

74

pneumonia

condition (abnormal) of the lungs

75

nephrologist

specialist is the study of kidneys

76

arteriole

small artery

77

venule

small vein

78

pericardium

structure surrounding to heart

79

mucus

sticky secretion from mucous membrane

80

esophagus

Muscular tube carrying food from the throat to the stomach

81

nephropathy

disease of the kidney

82

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

83

periotoneal

pertaining to the peritoneum

84

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

85

pleural

pertaining to the pleura

86

tonsillar

pertaining to the tonsils

87

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

88

axillary

pertaining to the armpit

89

laryngeal

pertaining to the larynx (voice box)

90

carcinogenic

pertaining to producing cancer

91

osteogenic

pertaining to producing within bone

92

chronic

pertaining to time; long-term; over a long time

93

pathologic

pertaining to study of disease

94

adnoids

collection of lymphatic tissue resembling (-oid) gland (-aden) in the throat, near the nose

95

mucoid

resembling mucus

96

adipose

pertaining to fat

97

mucous membrane

a lining that secretes mucus

98

necrotic

pertaining to death (of cells)