Ch 30 Pharmocolgy Flashcards Preview

Dental Assisting Da57 Ch18 > Ch 30 Pharmocolgy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 30 Pharmocolgy Deck (28)
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1

Another type of penicillin

Cephalosporin
Cephalexin-keflex

2

Used if allergic to penicillin?

Macrolides (erythromycin), harsh on stomach

3

Ab of choice for periodontal disease?

Tetracycline

4

Antifungals?

Mycostatin, nystatin

5

Antiviral?

Acyclovir, zovirax

6

Antianxiety agents?

Valium, nitrous

7

Medication administration routes?

Oral
Topical
Rectal
Sublingual
Inhalation
Injection

8

Types of injections

Intradermal
Subcutaneous
Intramuscular
Intravenous

9

No current accepted medical use, high potential for abuse

Schedule I

10

High abuse potential, accepted medial usefulness

Schedule II

11

Less abuse potential, accepted medical usefulness

Schedule III

12

Low abuse potential, accepted medical use

Schedule IV

13

Lowest abuse, accepted medical use

Schedule V

14

Schedule I drugs?

Heroin, hallucinogenic (lsd, marajana), depressants, certain stimulants

15

Schedule II?

Opium, cocaine, morphine, methadone, barbiturates

16

Schedule III

Codeine

17

Schedule IV

Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Valium), propoxyphene (darvon)

18

Schedule V

Cough medicines with codeine

19

Lowers cholesterol? Brand?

Lipitor, Zocor, mevacor

20

Lowers blood pressure?

Diuretics, thiazide, losartan

21

Prevent blood clots

Anticoagulants, Coumadin, plavix, heparin

22

Lower blood pressure (heart)

Beta blockers, angina pain, arrythmias

23

Makes the heart work harder?

Digitalis, angina patients need it

24

Reduce the work of the heart?

Vasodilators, nitroglycerin, apresolin, loniten

25

Why prophylactic?

Prevent bacterial endocarditis, caused by streptococcus viridians, cause of 45% of endocarditis cases

26

Who requires prophylactic ab?

Artificial heart valves, history of infective endocarditis, cardiac transplant who develop a heart valve problem, any repaired congenital heart defect with residual defect

27

Prophylaxis ab recommended?

Amoxicillin/penicillin
Ampicillin
Clindamycin
Cephalexin
Azithromycin

28

Ab: Most effective, least toxic

Amoxicillin, ampicillin