Ch 4 Patient Handling And Safety Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4 Patient Handling And Safety Deck (137)
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1

Arrt standard of ethics 2 parts p 4

Code of ethics

Rules of ethics

2

Code of ethics p 4

Assist certificate holders and candidates in maintaining a high level of ethical conduct and providing protection , safety and patient comfort

3

Patient bill of rights goals p 6

Strengthen consumer confidence in healthcare system

Reaffirm importance of strong relationship

Reaffirm patient safeguard in their personal info

4

Patient bill rights p 6-7

Read

5

Informed consent p 8

Types info patients must be given so they can make informed decisions about medical treatment

6

Metformin p 13

When start taking again?

Refrain from taking 48 hrs following prevent lactic acidosis

Kidney function should be checked to resume

7

Consent form used for ? P 14

Contrast agents

Surgical procedures
Sedation
Payment arrangement

8

Are consent forms required by law? P 14

No

9

Screening for contrast agents p 17

Previous contrast reaction

Allergies to iodine or barium

Conditions such as hypertension, heart disease , asthma, sickle cell anemia, renal impairment , and diabetes

10

Renal function tests0 17

Bun
Gfr
Creatinine

11

Bun ( blood urea nitrogen) p 17

Kidneys ability to remove impurities from the blood

Range 5-25 mg/dl

12

Gfr ( glomerular filtration rate) p 17

Excretory function of kidneys

Range: 95-120 ml/min

13

Creatinine p 18

How well it's removed from bloodstream by kidneys

Range: 0.6-1.7 mg/dl

14

eGFR p 18

Formula

Range

(140-age) x ( lean body weight in kg)
-------------------------------------
75 x serum creatinine

Normal: > 60

15

Tests determine blood coagulation ability

Pt
Ptt
Inr
D-dimer
Platelet count

16

Pt test p19

Chemical interaction to blood clot


Range; 10-14sec

17

Ptt test p 19

Chemical interaction to blood clot

Range: 20-40 sec

18

INR test p 19

Standardize prothrombin time for those taking anticoagulants

Ranges:

- 2.0-3.0 for patients on anticoagulant drugs

- 2.5- 3.5 for patients with high risk of clot formation

19

D-dimer test p 19

Normally less than 500 micrograms/liter fibrin equivalent under units

20

Platelet count range p19

Normally 150,000/ mm3 to 400,000/mm3

21

High INR indicates/ low INR
? P 20

High chance of bleeding

High chance of clotting

22

D-dimmer test used for most? P 20

Deep vein thrombosis

23

Positive d-diner test indicates ?21

Abnormal high levels of fibrin degradation products in the body

24

D-diner tests to diagnose? P 21

Conditions that cause the blood coagulate inappropriately

25

D-dimmer is ordered usually in conjunction with ct______ to rule out _______ ? P 21

Ct pulmonary angiography

Pulmonary embolism

26

Two ways radiation can cause damage ? P 22

Direct interaction with DNA bonds

Indirect effect by ionization of chemicals in the body

27

Results of radiation exposure during pregnancy ? P 22

Increased prenatal deaths
Abnormalities
Mental retardation
Neonatal deaths

28

Radiation safety p 22

Methods and tools used protect patients and personnel from ionizing radiation exposure

29

When is radiation exposure most damaging ? P 22

First trimester

30

Most common unit for measuring radiation?

Rad