Ch. 455 - IDA Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 455 - IDA Deck (14)
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1

The most widespread and common nutritional disorder in the world

Iron deficiency

2

It is therefore necessary to absorb approximately ___ mg iron daily to maintain positive iron balance in childhood

1

3

Because <10% of dietary iron usually is absorbed, a dietary intake of ___ mg of iron daily is necessary to maintain iron levels.

8-10

4

Breastfed infants have an advantage because they absorb iron ___ times more efficiently than infants fed cow’s milk

2-3

5

Most iron in neonates is in ___

Circulating hemoglobin

6

Iron stores are usually sufficient for blood formation in the first ___ mo of life in term infants

6-9

7

Delayed clamping of cord is defined as

>1-3min

8

Early clamping of cord is defined as

Less than 30sec

9

In term infants, anemia caused solely by inadequate dietary iron usually occurs at ___mo of age and is relatively uncommon thereafter.

9-24

10

The usual dietary pattern observed in infants and toddlers with nutritional iron-deficiency anemia in developed countries is

Excessive consumption of cow’s milk (low iron content, blood loss from milk protein colitis) in a child who is often overweight

11

___ must be considered as a possible cause in every case of iron-deficiency anemia, particularly in older children and adolescents

Blood loss

12

Chronic intestinal blood loss induced by exposure to cow's milk protein is characeteristically

Anemia that is more severe and earlier than IDA

13

Blood loss caused by exposure to cow's milk protein can be prevented by

1) Breastfeeding 2) Delaying introduction of whole cow's milk in the 1st year of life 3) Limiting quantity of feeds to <24oz/24hr.

14

Highest risk of IDA is among what age-group

Teenagers who are or have been