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Flashcards in ch 5 ecosystems Deck (31):
0

Any plant that does photosynthesis to make its own food

producer

1

The process by which plants use water, carbon dioxide, sunlight to make its own food is

photosynthesis

2

Any animal that must eat some kind of food to get energy

consumer

3

An organism that consumer wastes or dead organisms to get energy

decomposer

4

an animal that eats only plants

herbivore

5

An animal that eats only meat

carnivore

6

An animal that eats both meat and plants

omnivore

7

A group of organisms of ONE SPECIES that live in an area at one time

population

8

All the populations in an area make up a

community

9

All the living and nonliving things in an area

ecosystem

10

The place in an ecosystem in which an organism ives and has all of its needs met is a

habitat

11

The place or job that an organism has in an ecosystem

niche

12

An animal that is eaten by another animal is a

prey

13

A carnivore that hunts, captures and kills his prey is a

predator

14

A relationship between living organisms

symbiosis

15

The passing of ENERGY throught the environment. It starts with the sun and goes to the producers first nd then to the consumers

food chain

16

A group of many food chains joined together

food web

17

The amount of food, water, space, or shelter available in an ecosystem

limiting factors

18

The number of organisms that can live in one place

carrying capacity

19

A diagram that shows the amounts of energy that flows through each level of a food chain

energy pyramid

20

A VERY LARGE ECOSYSTEM that has its own climate and its own plants and animals

biome

21

The biome that has hot daytime temperatures and cold nighttime and very little rain

desert

22

The coldest biome. It has no trees and the ground is frozen

tundra

23

The biome that contains mostly evergreen and conifer trees

taiga

24

The biome in which we live

Deciduous forest

25

The biome that has more plants and animals than any other biome

tropical rain forest

26

Trees that change color in the fall and then lose their leaves for winter

Deciduous forest

27

The biome that is characterized by tall grasses and herds of herbivores like the cattle who graze

grassland

28

Draw and label a food chain using the following: owl, plant, snake, mouse, mushrooms. Draw using arrows and label each one as producer, consumer, and decomposer.

mouse eats plant, snake eats mouse, owl eats snake, mushroom
consumer producer con con con con decomposer

29

If an owl eats mice, what would happen to the population if the mice would die out from disease?

If mice die from disease then the owl population would decrease because the mice are the main thing for the owl to eat.

30

This biome receives lots of rain but it's temperatures can be quite cool.

Temperate rainforest