Ch. 63 EX 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 63 EX 1 & 2 Deck (26):
1

Characterized by a group of findings associated with oligohydraminos and renal failure or bilateral renal agenesis.

Potter's syndrome

2

Occurs when the kidney does not migrate upward into the retroperitoneal space.

Pelvic kidney

3

Small part of the lumen of the allantois that persists while the urachus forms.

Urachal cyst

4

Anatomic structure that occurs only in male fetuses.

Posterior urethral valve

5

Renal system fails to develop

Renal agenesis

6

Forms when the inferior poles of the kidney fuse while they are in the pelvis.

Horseshoe kidney

7

Complex malformation involving lower limb anomalies, spinal defect, anal atresia, and lower abdominal wall defect (exstrophy of the bladder and protrusion of the intestines)

Cloacal exstrophy

8

Dilated ureters

Hydroureters

9

Congenital out pouching of the distal ureter into the bladder.

Ureterocele

10

Abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the underneath side of the penis.

Hypospadias

11

Abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the top side of the penis.

Epispadias

12

Dilated renal pelvis without involvement of the calyces.

Pyelectasis

13

Autosomal recessive disease that affects the fetal kidneys and liver

Infantile Polycystic kidney disease

14

Collection of fluid in the vagina and uterus.

Hydrometrocolpos

15

Junction where the ureter enters the bladder.

Ureterovesical junction

16

Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum.

Cryptorchidism

17

Dilatation of the fetal abdomen secondary to severe hydronephrosis and fetal ascites.

Prune belly syndrome

18

Level of the urethra where the urinary tract may become obstructed.

Megacystis

19

Junction of the ureter entering the renal pelvis; most common site of obstruction.

Ureteropelvic junction

20

Condition in which both ovarian and testicular tissues are present.

Hermaphroditism

21

Condition that causes a massively distended bladder.

Urethral atresia

22

Multiple cysts replace normal renal tissue throughout the kidney.

Multicystic dysplastic kidney disease

23

Dilated renal pelvis in the fetus

Fetal hydronephrosis

24

Term used to describe renal diseases other than renal a genesis that result in renal failure and facial or structure abnormalities caused by oligohydraminos.

Potter's sequence

25

Dilation of the lower end of the ureter.

Megaureter

26

Ovarian mass that results from maternal hormone stimulation.

Fetal ovarian cyst