Ch 7 - Lymph & Immune Pathology Terms Flashcards Preview

OTA 102 - Ch 7 Lymph & Immune System > Ch 7 - Lymph & Immune Pathology Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 - Lymph & Immune Pathology Terms Deck (16)
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1

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

late-stage infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which progressively weakens the immune system

2

anaphylaxis

life-threatening systemic allergic reaction to a substance to which the body was previously sensitized

3

ankylosing spondylitis (AS)

inflammatory response that causes degenerative changes in the spinal vertebrae; sacroiliac joints; connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments in the hips, shoulders, knees, feet and ribs; and tissues of the lungs, eyes and heart valves

4

autoimmune hemolytic anemia

group of disorders caused when the immune system misidentifies red blood cells (RBCs) as foreign and creates autoantibodies that attack them

5

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

complex chronic disorder marked by severe fatigue unrelieved by rest, often worsened by mental or physical activity; sometimes called chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS)

6

chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC)

group of disorders in which peristent or recurrent Candida fungal infections develop on the skin, nails or mucous membranes

7

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

acute infection that causes sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes; also called "mononucleosis" or "gammaherpesviral mononucleosis"

8

graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)

complication of bone-marrow transplantation in which lymphoid cells from donated tissue attack the recipient and cause damage to skin, liver, GI tract, and other tissues

9

Hodgkin's disease

type of lymphatic cancer; also called Hodgkin lymphoma

10

idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

disorder in which a deficiency of platelets results in abnormal blood clotting, marked by tiny purple bruises (purpura) that form under skin

11

lymphosarcoma

cancer of lymphatic tissue not related to Hodgkin's disease

12

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

group of more than 30 types of malignancies of B and T lymphocytes; also called "lymphoma" or "malignant lymphoma"

13

pernicious anemia

chronic form of megaloblastic anemia (producing many large, immature, dysfunctional RBCs), caused by a deficit in the absorption of vitamin B12 that reduces the body's ability to produce sufficient numbers of healthy RBCs

14

phagocytosis

process in which specialized white blood cells (phagocytes) engulf and destroy microorganisms, foreign antigens and cell debris

15

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

a type of pneumonia associated with AIDS

16

polymyositis (PM)

disorder that causes the slow onset of muscle weakness and pain in the muscles of the trunk and progresses to affect muscles of the neck, shoulders, back, hip and possibly hands and fingers