Ch 7 Vocab Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 7 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 Vocab Deck (33):
1

Study of mental processes and mental effects including thinking, intelligence, and language

Cognitive psych

2

Look at all possible outcomes then find a solution

Algorithms

3

Rules of thumb that work most of the time; fast, efficient, don't guarantee a solution

Heuristics

4

Using a prior strategy only

Fixation

5

Fixed on wealth functions

Functional fixedness

6

General> specific

Deductive reasoning

7

Evaluating alternatives and making choices among them

Decision making

8

The two reasoning and decision making

System 1- automatic; rapid, heuristic, initiative
System 2- controlled; slower, effortless; analytical

9

Prefer to avoid losses over acquiring gains

Less aversion

10

Attention only to info that supports over idea

Confirming bias

11

Predict probability based on ease of recall

Availability heuristic

12

Report falsely that we predicted an outcome

Hindsight bias

13

Ignore info about general principles

Babes value neglect

14

Make judgements based on stereotypes

Representativeness heuristic

15

Being alert and mentally present

Mindfulness

16

Receptive to new ways of looking at things

Open mindedness

17

Ability to reasoning and thinking skills

Intelligence

18

Test should measure what it's suppose to measure

Validity

19

To get the same or similar results everytime

Reliability

20

Uniform procedures for administrative test; collection of norms

Standardization

21

How do you calculate IQ?

Mental age
------------ *100
Chronological age

22

The ability to tell time, basic math

Conceptual

23

He ability to follow rules and obey laws

Social

24

Taking care of yourself, get a job

Practical

25

Ability to analyze, judge, contrast

Analytical intelligence

26

Create, design, invent

Creative intelligence

27

A set of rules that specify how language can be combined to produce meaningful messages

Grammar

28

The ability to produce an endless amount of sentences

Infinite generaltivity

29

Smallest units of speech

Phonemes

30

English letters

Graphemes

31

Rules for combining phonemes

Phonological rules

32

Order in which we combine words together

Syntacts

33

The meaning of words in sentences

Pragmatics