Ch 6 Memory Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 6 Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 6 Memory Deck (31):
1

Repeating something over and over

Maintenance rehearsal

2

Relating information already stored in memory

Elaborative rehearsal

3

Storage of information over time

Memory storage

4

Holds information long enough to be processed further

Sensory memory

5

Auditory sensory memory; helps us experience a constant flow of info, even if the flow is interrupted

Echoic memory

6

Limited capacity system in which info is usually retained for as long as 30 sec

STM

7

Organizing individual stimuli so they will be perceived as larger units

Chunking

8

Rehearses auditory- verbal info

Phonological loops

9

Keeps track of visual info

Visual- spatial sketch pad

10

Integrates info from the phonological loop, visual sketch pad, and LTM

Central executive

11

3 components of working memory

Phonological loops
Visual spatial sketch pad
Central executive

12

Conscious recollection of specific facts and events that can be verbally communicated premature content- a part of your LTM that you'll never forget

Explicit LTM

13

2 subtypes of explicit memory

Episodic and Semantic

14

Autobiographical memory

Episodic

15

General knowledge about the world

Semantic

16

2 types of implicit LTM

procedural memory and classical conditioning

17

Influence of past experience on later behavior, even without an effort to remember them

Implicit LTM

18

Gradual acquisition of skills

Procedural memory

19

Forming of an association between a neural stimulus and a reflex response

Classical conditioning

20

Facilitated response a stimulus as a result of a recent exposure to the stimulus

Priming

21

A general Mental model or framework for a category of info (stereotype)

Schemas

22

Schema for a particular type of event connection or parallel distributing processing

Scripts

23

Where episodic memory is stored in the brain

Frontal lobes

24

Where emotional memories are stored

Amygdala

25

Where explicit memory is stored

Temporal lobes and hippocampus

26

Where implicit memory is stored

Cerebellum

27

Better recall for first two or three items on a list

Primary effect

28

Better recall for the last two items on a list

Recency effect

29

External info that helps bring stored info to mind

Retrieval cues

30

A retrieval cue can serve as an effective reminder when it helps recreate the specific way in which info was initially encoded

Encoding specific principle to

31

The tendency for info to be better recalled when the person is in the same internal state during encoding and retrieval

State dependent memory