Ch 8-11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 8-11 Deck (48):
0

In a suture the bones are united by

Thin layer of fibrous tissue

1

In a syndesmosis joint the brusae are united by

by ligaments

2

Define diarthrosis

Freely moving joint

3

Define supination of the palm

Turning the palm Upward

4

Opposition is unique to what type of animal

Primates

5

Subfascial brusa are located between where

Located between muscles

6

What is lumbago

Low back pain resulting from back strain or slipped disk

7

What is bursitis

Swelling and irritation of a bursa. Bursa sac acts as cushion between muscles

8

What is gout

Type of arthritis. Uric acid build up in blood causes inflammation of joints

9

What is primary fibrositis

Body wide pain and tenderness in joints, muscles, tendons, and soft tissue

10

What is osteoarthritis

Joint disorder due to aging and wear and tear on a joint

11

What is articulation

Place on union of junction between two or more joints

12

Inflammation of an entire joint is called what

Arthritis

13

What is rheumatoid arthritis and what joints does it commonly destroy

Long term disease that leads to inflammation of joint and surrounding tissues. Fingers, hands, and wrists

14

Muscle make up what percentage of body weight

40-50%

15

Define isotonic and isometric contraction of a muscle

Isotonic- tone or tension remains the same
Isometric-remains at constant length while tension increase

16

The attachment of the biceps of the forearm is the what

Distal biceps tendon

17

Inflammation of the muscle tissue is called what.

Myositis

18

Inflammation of a tendon is called what

Tendonitis

19

Define hypertrophy exercise

Muscle growing lifting weights

20

Describe cramps of a muscle

Spastic and painful contractions of the muscle irritation of the muscle

21

What is another name for wasting away of a muscle

Muscle atrophy

22

Define muscular dystrophy

Group of genetic disease in which muscle fibers are usually susceptible to damage. Pt has to eventually uses wheelchair

23

What is a contracture

Condition of shortening and hardening of muscle, tendons, tissue. Often leads to deformity and rigidity joints.

24

What is another name for chewing

Mastication

25

Define myasthenia gravis

Neuromuscular disorder causes muscle weakness and fatigue

26

Where is the trapezius muscle

Between neck and shoulder, between the occipital bone to lower thoracic vertebrae

27

Where can be oligodendroglia found

Between neurons in the brain and spinal cord

28

Gray matter is found where

Spinal cord, cerebellum, and cortex

29

What region of the spine are spinal taps done

Between 2 of the bones of the lower spine below the spinal cord (lumbar)

30

Meninges are separated rom the vertebrae by what space

Epidural space

31

What are microglia

Small cells that protect the CNS and whose rule is to engulf and destroy microbes like bacteria

32

What are the difference in afferent and efferent nerves

Afferent- Carrying inward to a central organ
Efferent- conveys pulses toward

33

Ganglia are located where

Nerve cell bodies grouped together outside the CNS

34

Describe where synapse of the nerve is located

Axon endings and muscles. Axon endings and glands

35

A bundle of nerve cells or fibers is known as what

Nerve

36

Over 60% of all brain cells are what type of cells

Neuroglia cells

37

Areas of gray matter in the spinal cord are called what

Horns

38

What is a neuron

Specialized cells transmitting nerve impulses

39

What is epilepsy

Brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures over time

40

What is otitis palsy

Inflammation and paralysis of the middle ear

41

What is cerebral palsy

Group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions and movement, hearing, seeing, thinking

42

What are myopia,presbyopia, and glaucoma

Myopia- nearsightedness
Hyperopia- farsightedness
Presbyopia- farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye. Middle to old age
Glaucoma- condition of increased pressure within the eyeball, causing gradual loss of sight

43

What vitamin deficiency can cause night blindness

Vitamin A

44

The mind controlling the body phenomenon is located in what part of the brain

Hypothalamus

45

Where is the retina located

Inner most layer of the eye

46

What is meningitis

Bacterial infection of membranes covering the brain

47

What is Parkinson's disease

Disorder of the brain that leads to shaking and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination