Chapter 4-7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4-7 Deck (53):
0

What is the complete chemical process of chemical change in a cell called?

Metabolism- broke down to energy

1

Anaerobic respiration occurs when?

Doesn't require oxygen

2

During the first part of Kerbs citric acid cycle, pyruvic acid is converted to what?

Acedic acid

3

The final product of fermentation is what?

Ethyl alcohol
CO2
NAD (glycolysis)

4

Which acid is formed during anaerobic production of ATP in muscles?

Lactic acid

5

The final stage of mitosis is what?

Telophase

6

A haploid as how many chromosomes?

23

7

The basic unit of biological organization of the human body is what?

Cell

8

Define fermentation?

Process in which yeast breakdown glucose anaerobically

9

Define mitosis

Nuclear material is exactly replicated (nuclear division)

10

The formation of what occurs during oogenesis

Female sex cells

11

Define DNA

It's a molecule that encodes genetic instructions

12

Define carcinogens

Cancer causing

13

Which are of the cell does glycolysis occur

Cytoplasm, cytosol

14

The process if building larger molecules by combining smaller molecules is called what

Anabolism

15

What are the functions of epithelial tissues

Transportation of materials, protecting of underlying tissue

16

The lining of the blood vessels is made up for what kind of cells

Endothelium

17

Glandular epithelial forms what type of glands

Exocrine

18

What type of membranes line joints and brusae

Synovial membrane

19

Of smooth, striated and cardiac, which type of muscle is voluntary

Striated

20

What type of muscle is attached to the bones

Skeletal muscle a form of striated tissue

21

Dendrite receives what type of stimuli

Nerve

22

Peritoneum is the membrane that lines what cavity

Abdominal

23

Endocardium is the inner lining of what

The heart

24

Mast cells are loose connective tissue cells that function in the production of heparin what

Stimulate the production of mononuclear cell factor by monocyte

25

Th connective tissue covering a whole muscle is called what

Fascia

26

The serous membrane that covers the heart is what

Pericardium

27

Chondrocytes are cells of what

Cartilage

28

A bony prominence on the foot receiving excess friction may develop what

Corn callus

29

Albinism is caused by lack of what

Pigment

30

Cyanosis is what color of the skin

Blue

31

What are two main characteristics of mammals

Warm blooded and vertebrates

32

Arrector pili muscles engage when we get what

Scared or chilled

33

What is an eponychium

Cuticle, found over the base of the nails

34

Blackheads are produced in the presence of air and what else

Sebum

35

What are examples of external environmental changes

Weather

36

What is alopecia

Balding

37

What is a disease that is a childhood disease that can also caus a related disease in adults

Chicken pox- shingles- varicella zoster

38

Define albinism

Absence of skin color

39

Define 1st, 2nd, & 3rd degree burns and know the difference

1st- involves just the epidermis
2nd- involves dermis & epidermis
3rd- dermis & epidermis are completely destroyed

40

Define psoriasis

Condition that causes skin cells to grow quickly

41

What is another name for osteomalacia

Rickets

42

Blood cells in all stages of development are found where

Bone marrow

43

What are some examples of flat bones

Sternum, ribs, scapula, pelvic bone, small bones

44

The patella is what type of bone

Knee cap

45

Bones act as storage area for mineral slats and what

Calcium and sodium

46

Define lordosis and kyphosis

Lordosis- inward curvature of a portion of the spine
Kyphosis- curving of the spine that causes bowing

47

What is Paget's disease

Abnormal bone destruction and regrowth, results in a deformity

48

Define herniated disk

Rupture of fibrocartilagenous that surround the invertebral disk

49

Define osteomalacia

Softening of the bone

50

What is osteoclasts

Large cell found in growing bone that resorbs bony tissue, teardown

51

What is false and floating rib

5 false ribs join the sternum indirectly, 2 floating ribs have no cartilage

52

Define long bone

Bones whose length exceed their width and consist of a diaphysis or shaft composed mainly of compact bone