Ch 8: The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy Flashcards Preview

Ap Gov > Ch 8: The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 8: The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy Deck (20):
1

federal bureaucracy

the thousands of federal government agencies and institutions that implement and administer federal laws and programs

2

spoils system

replacing cabinet members with people based on relationships

3

patronage

jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support

4

merit system

replacing cabinet members with people based on qualifications

5

Pendleton Act

reform measure that established the principle of federal employment on the basis of open, competitive exams and created the Civil Service Commission

6

civil service system

the merit system by which many federal bureaucrats are selected

7

independent regulatory commission

an entity created by Congress outside a major executive department

8

departments

major administrative units with responsibility for a broad area of government operations

9

Independent executive agencies

governmental units that closely resemble a Cabinet department, but have narrower areas of responsibility and perform services rather than regulatory functions

10

government corporations

businesses established by Congress to perform functions that private businesses could provide

11

Hatch Act

prohibits civil servants from taking activist roles in party campaigns

12

implementation

the process by which a law or policy is put into operation

13

iron triangles

relationships between government agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees

14

issue networks

the loose and informal relationships that exist among a large number of actors who work in broad policy areas

15

interagency councils

working groups created to facilitate coordination of policy making and implementation across a host of governmental agencies

16

policy coordinating committees

sub-cabinet level committees created to facilitate interactions between agencies and departments to handle complex policy problems

17

administrative discretion

the ability of bureaucrats to make choices concerning the best way to implement congressional or executive intentions

18

rule making

a quasi-legislative process resulting in regulations that have the characteristics of a legislative act

19

regulations

rules governing the operation of all government programs that have the force of law

20

administrative adjudication

a quasi-judicial process in which a bureaucratic agency settles disputes between two parties in a manner similar to the way courts resolve disputes