Ch. 9-10 Development And Sexuality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 9-10 Development And Sexuality Deck (22):
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Lifespan of development

From birth to death.

Development doesn't stop until you die.

1

Nature and Nurture Development

Nature: 23 chromo. From dad and 23 from mom

Nurture: malnutrition, drugs, fetal alcohol syndrome

2

Schema

Your mental representation of something

3

Assimilation

Boob to bottle

Similar and easier to move to

4

Accommodation

Changing Schema

Boob/bottle to actual food.

Completely different from before.

5

Piaget's four stages of development

Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational

6

Sensorimotor: object permanence

Birth-2 yrs.

Receiving and acting on stimuli (learning how to experience/manipulate objects)

No object permanence

Thinking = external (we don't know if they truly think.

7

Pre-operational: egocentric language

2-7yrs.

Thinking becomes more internal

Language: representation of action

Ego-centric: can't think from another person's point of view.

No conservation (blocks rearranged = diff. Amount of blocks to them)

8

Concrete operational: conservation, concrete concepts

7-11 yrs.

Understand conservation

Less egocentric

More logical thought

Concrete thinking: no abstract hypotheticals.

Follow rules

9

Formal operational: abstract concepts, out of the box thinking

Age 12

Abstract thinking

Test tube experiment: logical order.

Debates

10

Aging: activity theory

Maintain a healthy activity level and you'll be healthier and happier.

11

Aging

Mental ability steady until around 60

Erikson: ego integrity v. Despair

12

Sex

Sexual activity

Male or female

13

Gender

Masculinity and femininity. Not scientific identifier.

14

Gender role

Behaviors, attitudes, personality traits designated as masculine or feminine in a certain culture.

15

Gender stereotype

Beliefs and expectations regarding gender role.

16

Gender personality: nurturing v. Assertive

Women are more nurturing

Men are more assertive

17

Gender cognitive differences

Women better:
Verbal: reading and writing
Location of objects

Men better at:
Math
Rotating objects (spatial ability)

18

Sex differences

Men: permissive attitude, greater number of partners, earlier start age than women avg.

Women: opposite findings

Can we trust it? Who did young guys sleep with?

19

Human sexual response cycle

Excitement

Plateau

Orgasm

Resolution

20

Sexual orientation

Hard to measure

Hetero, homo, bi

1-21% of Pop. "Is" homosexual.

21

STI's

Bacterial: gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia

Parasitic: crabs

Viral: HSV, HIV, HPV