Flashcards in Ch 9 Study Guide Deck (37)
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
The first 10 amendments
What is the difference between a law and an amendment?
A law is when a bill gets passed and a amendment is a change to an existing law
How does an amendment get proposed?
Either by 2/3 of congress or 2/3 of the states
How does an amendment then get ratified?
It has to be ratified by 3/4 of the state legislature
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition the gov't.
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
Firearms or guns
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizures w/o probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
W/o due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
Prevents the gov't from claiming the BOR are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
States could be used as protection against the national gov't
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington was president and Thomas Jefferson was Vice President
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State- handled relations with other nations
Treasury Dept.- deal with financial problems
War Dept.- deals with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State
Henry Knox- Sec. of war
Alexander Hamilton- sec. of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
Judiciary Act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Take care of state debts from the war
What is a national debt?
The amount the gov't owes
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Federal gov't take care of the state debts from the war
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
Southern states because they had to pay more than the northern states
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
Exchange for the capital being in Washington DC
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
Fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on important goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
Civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want to be a "King-like" person
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong gov't
Rule by wealthy
Loose interpretation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
Rule by the people
Strict interpretation of the constitution