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Flashcards in Ch.1 Introducing biology Deck (11)
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1

Definition of biology:

Biology is the scientific study of _________.

organisms (生物)

2

Characteristics of organisms

- reproduction and g_____
- obtainment of f_____ (nutrition) and r_________
- dectection and response to s_________, and m_________
- e_________ to maintain a relatively constant internal environment

- reproduction (生殖) and growth (生長)
- obtainment of food (nutrition (營養)) and respiration (呼吸作用)
- detection and response to stimuli (刺激), and movement (運動)
- excretion (排泄) to maintain a relatively constant internal environment

3

Studying biology helps us develop _________ of and _________ for organisms and the environment.

appreciation; respect

4

Studying biology helps us develop the ability to _________ and _________ problems _________ly.

think; solve; scientifically

5

Studying biology helps us better understand ______ issues, _________ issues and ______ issues.

health; environmental; social

6

Scientific method usually involves a few basic steps:
Making ____________s → asking a _________ → proposing a _________ → making a _________ → _________ the hypothesis → drawing a _________

observations; question; hypothesis; prediction; testing; conclusion

7

In scientific method,
- If the results match the prediction, the hypothesis is _________.
- If the results do not match the prediction, the hypothesis is _________. Scientists may need to propose a revised or new hypothesis for testing again.

supported; falsified (or rejected)

8

Independent variable

The factor to be purposely changed.

9

Dependent variable

The factor that may change with the independent variable; it is the factor to be measured.

10

Controlled variable

The factor that is kept the same.

11

9. Understanding the _________ ____ _________ (what science is and how science works) is important for learning biology.

nature of science