Ch.10 Nutrition And Perio Disease Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Exam 3 > Ch.10 Nutrition And Perio Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.10 Nutrition And Perio Disease Deck (79):
1

Over all nutritional status of an individual can secondarily effect the host ___________ and influence _________ ________ progression.

Susceptibility; Periodontal Disease

2

Diets play a ___________ role in progression of periodontal disease.

Modifying

3

Does poor nutrition cause periodontal disease?

No but it can make an existing condition worse

4

A diet deficient in vitamins ___,___,___, __________, ________, and _______ __________ can weaken the immune system and complicate or worsen the disease process.

A,C,D, Calcium, protein, and complex carbohydrate.

5

Define periodontal disease

An infection of the periodontium initiated by bacteria within plaque biofilm

6

If the infection is only limited to the gingival tissue then it is __________

Gingivitis

7

If the infection is extended into the connective tissue it is _____________

Periodontitis

8

What happens once the bone has been affected?

There is no turning back!!! ☠️👻

9

3 ways nutrition prevents periodontal disease:

1. By keeping the immune system healthy

2. Building healthy soft and hard periodontal tissues

3. Assisting with wound healing

10

A healthy immune system sends an __________ ____ ________ _________ to limit bacterial attack.

Arsenal of defense organisms

11

________ and _________ proteins invade the site of attack or injury, causing swelling and edema.

Leukocytes and plasma

12

If the immune system is healthy, the immune response will take care of the injury and the area will ________ ________

Heal itself

13

If the host is not well nourished, the immune system will be ___________.

Compromised

14

An unhealthy immune system can cause an __________ _________ to eliminate the ________.

Overzealous attempt; Bacteria

15

With an unhealthy immune system, the body sends an over abundance of _______ ________ to the area.

Immune cells

16

With an unhealthy immune system, the immune cells produce __________ and ________ __________.

Cytokines and other enzymes.

17

________ and __________ destroy periodontal fibers and stimulate osteoclastic activity.

Cytokines and enzymes

18

Building healthy oral tissue and keeping it healthy is the body’s first lien of defense against _________ ________.

Periodontal disease

19

_______ _______ is less susceptible to infection and a _______ ________ __________ can fight off initial bacterial invasion.

Healthy tissue; strong immune system

20

Plaque Biofilm develops at _________ _____ and as colonies mature it spreads _______ and ________.

Gingival 1/3; Coronally and Apically

21

Healthy ______ lining of the ________ is necessary to prevent periodontal disease.
(One of the fastest ______ ______ in the body)

Epithelial; Sulcus

(Turn over rates)

22

Nutrients that keep tissues Healthy(14)

- Omega 3 Fatty Acids
- Fiber
- protein
- vitamin A
- B complex vitamins
- vitamin D
- Vitamin C
- Calcium
- Iron
- Zinc
- Copper
- Selenium
-Magnesium
- CoQ10

23

________ are needed for the body to absorb fat Soluble vitamins __,__,__,__

Lipids; A, D, E, K

24

Lipids have ________ properties as well as _______ ____

Inflammatory properties; Omega 3’s

25

Excess fat in the body causes ______.

Obesity

26

Obesity is a risk factor for ______ ________.

Periodontal disease

27

Adipose tissue releases _______ ________.

Inflammatory agents

28

_________ fiber improves periodontal disease risk.

Non digestible

29

______ fiber helps control weight and inflammatory agents secreted by adipose tissue.

Dietary

30

_____ supports growth and maintenance of healthy cells.

Protein

31

Proteins play a role in resisting ________.

Infection

32

Proteins form __________ that destroy foreign invaders.

Antibodies

33

Vitamin C cures _______.

Scurvy

34

Vitamin C aids in the formation of ________.

Collagen

35

______ helps heal wounds

Vitamin C

36

Vitamin C Promotes ________ _________.

Capillary Integrity

37

Vitamin C ________ the body’s immune response.

Enhances

38

Vitamin A Assists in the formation of healthy ________. Excess of this vitamin may cause _________ _________.

Epithelium; periodontal inflammation

39

B-Complex Vitamins help the body form _____ ______ and keep the immune system healthy.

New cells

40

_________ vitamins have cofactors that work together.

B-Complex

41

A deficiency of a B-complex Vitamin will involve more than one ___________.

B vitamin

42

________ vitamins are important for wound healing.

B-Complex

43

Biotin forms _________.

Collagen

44

B-Complex Vitamins: Low ______ levels in adults increases disease risk.

Folate

45

Vitamin ___ enhances the absorption of calcium and magnesium.

D

46

________ and _______ give strength to alveolar bone

Calcium and magnesium

47

Vitamin D has low levels linked with increased ________ and loss of ________ ________.

Inflammation: periodontal attachment

48

________ and _______ are needed for alveolar bone metabolism.

Calcium and Magnesium

49

Low ______ intake results in more severe periodontal disease.

Calcium

50

________ supplementation results in less attachment loss.

Magnesium

51

Periodontal disease is a “_______” that must be repaired.

Wound

52

________ deficiencies cause an increase in the permeability of the _________ attachment.

Nutrient; epithelial

53

Nutrients that heal: (6)

-Protein
-Vitamin C
-Iron
-Zinc
-Copper
-Selenium

54

______, _______, and _______ play a role in collagen formation.

Iron, zinc, and copper

55

Iron, Zinc, and Copper regulate ________ response.

Inflammatory

56

______ and ______ Assist with wound healing.

Zinc and copper

57

Probiotics are live _______ cultures.

Bacterial

58

What bacteria strengthens the body’s immune system?

Probiotic supplements

59

Probiotic supplementation significantly changes ______ ________.

Plaque Index

60

Before recording information on perio. Therapy, more research is needed on ________ _________.

Probiotic supplementation

61

CoQ10 brings _______ to cells.

Oxygen

62

Healthy gingival tissue has higher levels of ____ ___ than diseases tissues.

CoQ10

63

Current research for ______ and _______ supplementation does not support recommending vitamin and mineral supplements purely for treatment of periodontal disease

Nutritional and Antioxidant

64

There is no collaborative consistency to support supplementation with ___________ to prevent or cure periodontal disease.

Antioxidants

65

What kind of foods increase salivary flow?

Crunchy and Fibrous

66

Saliva has ________ properties.

Antibacterial

67

The more exercise to ligaments, the more _____ the alveolar bone.

Dense

68

If your _____ ______ is crunchy it can increase bone density surrounding roots of teeth and exercise the periodontal ligaments.

Food Texture

69

Nutritional Recommendations:

-Follow the plan on myfoodplate.gov
-Follow Dietary Guidelines for Healthy Americans
-Take daily vitamin/mineral supplements
-Include crunchy, chewy foods in diet

70

You should suggest the intake of ______, _______, _____ and _________

-Fish oil

-Fiber

-Fruits and Vegetables

71

You should decrease the consumption of ______

Sugar

72

In your diet, you should include foods rich in ______, ___ ________, ________, _______, and ________ __________.

Calcium, B complex, vitamins, protein, complex carbohydrates

73

Everyone should stay _______.

Hydrated

74

The healthier and stronger the periodontal structures, the less ________ the diet, making the body better nourished and more healthy overall

Restricted

75

There are no “________” foods

Detergent

76

The act of chewing ______ foods will not increase gingival keratinization.

Fibrous

77

_______, ______ _________, and _________ __________ choices can increase a persons risk for periodontal disease.

Disease, oral medications, and unhealthy lifestyle choices

78

Patients can’t change the fact that they have a ______ or are taking ________.

Disease; Medication

79

The one thing a patient can change is their ______ _______.

Eating choices