CH11&17 Flashcards Preview

MP 111 > CH11&17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH11&17 Deck (55):
1

-thymia

mind (condition of)

2

hydrocephalus

an accumulation of serous fluid within the cranium, especially in infancy, due to obstruction of the movement of cerebrospinal fluid, often causing great enlargement of the head; water on the brain.

3

multiple sclerosis

a chronic degenerative, often episodic disease of the central nervous system marked by patchy destruction of the myelin that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers, usually appearing in young adulthood and manifested by one or more mild to severe neural and muscular impairments, as spastic weakness in one or more limbs, local sensory losses, bladder dysfunction, or visual disturbances.

4

-esthesia

feeling, sensation

5

cerebr/o-

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

6

-philia

attraction for

7

quadri-

four, square

8

-trophy

nourishment; development (condition of)

9

hypn/o-

sleep

10

syncope

brief loss of consciousness associated with transient cerebral anemia, as in heart block, sudden lowering of the blood pressure, etc.; fainting.

11

Parkinson disease

a common neurologic disease believed to be caused by deterioration of the brain cells that produce dopamine, occurring primarily after the age of 60, characterized by tremors, especially of the fingers and hands, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, slow speech, and a masklike facial expression

12

encephal/o

brain

13

cerebrovascular accident

a sudden interruption of the blood supply to the brain caused by rupture of an artery in the brain ( cerebral haemorrhage) or the blocking of a blood vessel, as by a clot of blood ( cerebral occlusion)

14

psych/o-

mind

15

phren/o-

diaphragm, mind

16

tri-

three

17

lex/o

word; phrase

18

schiz/o

split

19

contusion

an injury, as from a blow with a blunt instrument, in which the subsurface tissue is injured but the skin is not broken; bruise.

20

epilepsy

a disorder of the nervous system, characterized either by mild, episodic loss of attention or sleepiness (petit mal) or by severe convulsions with loss of consciousness (grand mal)

21

pyr/o

fever, fire

22

mania

excessive excitement or enthusiasm; craze

23

ment/o

mind

24

mega/o-

large

25

-phoria

to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)

26

-asthenia

Weakness is a symptom used to describe a number of different conditions, including: lack of muscle strength, malaise, dizziness or fatigue.

27

-lepsy

siezure

28

phot/o-

light

29

hematoma

a circumscribed collection of blood, usually clotted, in a tissue or organ, caused by a break in a blood vessel.

30

transient ischemic attack

a brief vascular spasm in which a partially blocked artery impedes blood flow to the brain, resulting in symptoms such as impaired vision, dizziness, numbness, or unconsciousness.

31

narc/o-

stupor, sleep

32

panic attack disorder

iagnosed in people who experience spontaneous seemingly out-of-the-blue panic attacks and are preoccupied with the fear of a recurring

33

-paresis

weakness

34

delirium

a more or less temporary disorder of the mental faculties, as in fevers, disturbances of consciousness, or intoxication, characterized by restlessness, excitement, delusions, hallucinations,

35

xen/o-

foreign

36

mening/o-

meningeo

37

-plegia

paralysis; palsy

38

Alzheimer disease

a common form of dementia, believed to be caused by changes in the brain, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability

39

-kinesia

movement

40

aneurysm

a permanent cardiac or arterial dilatation usually caused by weakening of the vessel wall.

41

seizure

the act or an instance of seizing

42

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

43

cerebell/o-

cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)

44

olig/o-

scanty, few

45

cephal/o-

head

46

obsessive-compulsive disorder

an anxiety disorder in which patients are driven to repeat the same act, such as washing their hands, over and over again, usually for many hours OCD

47

dementia

severe impairment or loss of intellectual capacity and personality integration, due to the loss of or damage to neurons in the brain.

48

Munchausen syndrome

a factitious disorder in which otherwise healthy individuals seek to hospitalize themselves with feigned or self-induced pathology in order to receive surgical or other medical treatment

49

concussion

injury to the brain or spinal cord due to jarring from a blow, fall, or the like.

50

-phasia

speech

51

tax/o

order; coordination

52

ton/o-

tension

53

somat/o

body

54

astr/o-

starlike structure

55

para-

to bear, bring forth (live births)