sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
A softening or loss of consistency and contiguity in any of the organs or tissues. Also used as a combining form in the suffix position.
Prefix meaning twice or double, referring to double structures or dual actions.
breath, a coil
pleura (lung membrane)
shortness of breath
arterial blood gases
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
culture & sensitivity: identify bacteria causing pulmonary infection to determine antibiotic treatment
guaifenesin (Mucinex) EX out;away / PECTOR?O chest / ANT pertaining to
upper respiratory infection
lobe of an organ
ANTI-against TUSS/O-cough IVE-pertaining to dextromethorphan & hydrocodone
irregular crackling or bubbling sounds during inspiration. Wet rales are caused by fluid or infection in the alveoli. Dry rales are caused by chronic irritation or fibrosis.
high-pitched whistling or squeaking sounds during inspiration or expiration. They are caused by extreme narrowing of the lumen due to bronchospasm from asthma.
pleural friction rub
creaking, grating, or rubbing sound when the two layers of inflamed pleura rub against each other during inspiration
chronic exposure to pollution or smoking. The alveoli become hyper inflated, rupture, causes air pockets in lungs. Can inhale, not exhale.
hyperactivity of bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm. Inflammation and swelling severely narrow the lumens. (reactive airway disease)
the sense of smell
condition of dialation
occupational lung disease caused by asbestosis ABEST/O asbest/o OSIS-abnormal condition
lung infection - breath in-suck in- caused by foreign matter
blockage of pulmonary artery or one of its branches by a embolus
TUBERCUL/O nodule, tuberculosis OSIS abnormal condition (soft nodules of necrosis)
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
severe infection, extensive burns or injury to lungs- damages the alveoli. Alveoli are edematous, filled with fluid
High-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to edema or obstruction in the trachea or larynx
mucus production from coughing
Pus in the lungs. EM-in PY/O-pus EMA-condition
Collapsed lung. Lungs do not expand or the collapse of the lungs due to mucus. ATEL/O-incomplete ECTASIS-condition of dilation
Humming, whistling, or snoring sounds during inspiration or expiration. Caused by swelling, mucus, or a foreign body that partially obstructs the bronchi.
mild form pneumonia caused by bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
lung infection bacterial Mycobacterium tuberculosis spread by airborne droplets and coughing
BRONCH/O-bronchus PNEUMON/O-lung, air IA-condition
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (between 2 layers of pleura) due to inflammation or infection of the pleura and lungs
instrument to meter oxygen
arterial blood gas
Blood test to measure the partial pressure (P) of the gases, oxygen (PO2) and carbon dioxide (PCO2) in a sample of arterial blood. PH (acidity or alkaline of the blood) is also measured. The higher the level of carbon dioxide, the more acidic the blood and the lower the PH.
another name for pleuritis. inflammation of the pleural space.
carbon dioxide capn/o-, -capnia are the root and suffix that mean carbon dioxide
are tiny air sacs (microscopic) in the lungs at the end of the bronchioles
asphyxia is the term that means there is no oxygen to the tissues or suffocation. It also means "no pulse" (-sphyxia)
Pneumothorax is the presence of air in the pleural cavity. Remember that pneum/o- means air or lung. A pneumothorax will collapse the lung causing atelectasis. Atelectasis can also be caused by infection, cancer or injury.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a combination of two diseases: chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Bronchodilator is a medication (usually an inhaler) that widens the bronchi during an asthma attack.
Mucolytic agents are used to dissolve or breakdown mucus in the respiratory tract.
paralysis or a stroke