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Flashcards in CH4 Deck (70):
1

-spasm

sudden, involuntary muscle contraction

2

-malacia

A softening or loss of consistency and contiguity in any of the organs or tissues. Also used as a combining form in the suffix position.

3

bi-

Prefix meaning twice or double, referring to double structures or dual actions.

4

trace/o

trachea (windpipe)

5

spir/o

breath, a coil

6

pleur/o

pleura (lung membrane)

7

phren/o

diaphragm, mind

8

py/o

pus

9

pneum/o

lung

10

SOB

shortness of breath

11

ABG

arterial blood gases

12

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

13

C&S

culture & sensitivity: identify bacteria causing pulmonary infection to determine antibiotic treatment

14

expectorants

guaifenesin (Mucinex) EX out;away / PECTOR?O chest / ANT pertaining to

15

URI

upper respiratory infection

16

lob/o

lobe of an organ

17

spirometer

measures breath

18

meter

measure

19

antitussive

ANTI-against TUSS/O-cough IVE-pertaining to dextromethorphan & hydrocodone

20

nas/o

nose

21

ox/o

oxygen (ox/i)

22

-pnea

breathing

23

rales

irregular crackling or bubbling sounds during inspiration. Wet rales are caused by fluid or infection in the alveoli. Dry rales are caused by chronic irritation or fibrosis.

24

wheezes

high-pitched whistling or squeaking sounds during inspiration or expiration. They are caused by extreme narrowing of the lumen due to bronchospasm from asthma.

25

pleural friction rub

creaking, grating, or rubbing sound when the two layers of inflamed pleura rub against each other during inspiration

26

emphysema

chronic exposure to pollution or smoking. The alveoli become hyper inflated, rupture, causes air pockets in lungs. Can inhale, not exhale.

27

asthma

hyperactivity of bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm. Inflammation and swelling severely narrow the lumens. (reactive airway disease)

28

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

29

bronch/o

bronchus

30

bronchi/o

bronchus

31

pector/o

chest

32

steth/o

chest

33

thorac/o

thorax-chest

34

pneumon/o

lung, air

35

pulmon/o

lung

36

myc/o

fungus

37

sinus/o

sinus

38

rhin/o

nose

39

osm/o

the sense of smell

40

hydr/o

water, fluid

41

-ectasis

condition of dialation

42

eu-

normal, good

43

asbestosis

occupational lung disease caused by asbestosis ABEST/O asbest/o OSIS-abnormal condition

44

aspiration pneumonia

lung infection - breath in-suck in- caused by foreign matter

45

double pneumonia

both lungs

46

pulmonary embolism

blockage of pulmonary artery or one of its branches by a embolus

47

tuberculosis

TUBERCUL/O nodule, tuberculosis OSIS abnormal condition (soft nodules of necrosis)

48

adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

severe infection, extensive burns or injury to lungs- damages the alveoli. Alveoli are edematous, filled with fluid

49

stridor

High-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to edema or obstruction in the trachea or larynx

50

sputum

mucus production from coughing

51

empyema

Pus in the lungs. EM-in PY/O-pus EMA-condition

52

atelectasis

Collapsed lung. Lungs do not expand or the collapse of the lungs due to mucus. ATEL/O-incomplete ECTASIS-condition of dilation

53

rhonchus (rhonchi)

Humming, whistling, or snoring sounds during inspiration or expiration. Caused by swelling, mucus, or a foreign body that partially obstructs the bronchi.

54

walking pneumonia

mild form pneumonia caused by bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

55

tuberculosis (TB)

lung infection bacterial Mycobacterium tuberculosis spread by airborne droplets and coughing

56

bronchopneumonia

BRONCH/O-bronchus PNEUMON/O-lung, air IA-condition

57

pleural effusion

accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (between 2 layers of pleura) due to inflammation or infection of the pleura and lungs

58

oximeter

instrument to meter oxygen

59

arterial blood gas

Blood test to measure the partial pressure (P) of the gases, oxygen (PO2) and carbon dioxide (PCO2) in a sample of arterial blood. PH (acidity or alkaline of the blood) is also measured. The higher the level of carbon dioxide, the more acidic the blood and the lower the PH.

60

-osmia

smell (odia)

61

-phonia

voice, sound

62

pleurisy

another name for pleuritis. inflammation of the pleural space.

63

-capnia

carbon dioxide capn/o-, -capnia are the root and suffix that mean carbon dioxide

64

alveoli/alveolus

are tiny air sacs (microscopic) in the lungs at the end of the bronchioles

65

asphyxia

asphyxia is the term that means there is no oxygen to the tissues or suffocation. It also means "no pulse" (-sphyxia)

66

Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax is the presence of air in the pleural cavity. Remember that pneum/o- means air or lung. A pneumothorax will collapse the lung causing atelectasis. Atelectasis can also be caused by infection, cancer or injury.

67

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a combination of two diseases: chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

68

Bronchodilator

Bronchodilator is a medication (usually an inhaler) that widens the bronchi during an asthma attack.

69

Mucolytic

Mucolytic agents are used to dissolve or breakdown mucus in the respiratory tract.

70

-plegia

paralysis or a stroke