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Flashcards in Ch13 Deck (54):
0

The body cell of humans chromosomes contains blank number of chromosomes

23

1

A widow peak is a trait control by blank genes

One/single

2

In the case of sex linked trait only blank can be carriers

Females

3

In blank a recessive allele on the X chromosomes often has no matching allele on the Y chromosomes

Males

4

The blank thing determined by the genes carried in sex linked chromosomes is a person gender

One of many

5

Color blindness is a trait controlled by a blank allele on the X chromosomes

Recessive

6

The sex chromosomes carries by a human egg will always be an blank chromosomes

X

7

A person who has recessive and one dominant allele for a trait is called

Carrier

8

The only pair of human chromosomes that do not always match up

Sex chromosomes

9

Genes found on the X and Y chromosomes are often called blank genes

Sex linked

10

What type of allele and what effects the body in cystic fibrosis

Recessive
Abnormally thick mucas

11

What type of allele and what effects the body in sickle cell disease

Codominant
Abnormal hemoglobin

12

What type of allele and what effects the body in hemophilia

Reccesive
Blood clots poorly

13

How does a person with one sickle cell allele differ from someone with two

One sick cell means you have normal and abnormal but two means you have the disease

14

Why is hemophilia more common in makes then females

Sex linked disorder

15

What causes Down syndrome

They have extra copy of chromosomes 21 in every cell

16

An abnormal condition a person inherits through genes or chromosomes

Genetic disorder

17

Is a picture of all the chromomsomea in cell

Karytype

18

A chart or family tree the tracks which members of a family will have a specific trait

Pedigree

19

What is a genetic disorder that results when two muated alleles are inherited

Cystic fibrosis

20

What is a genetic disorder that results from having one extra chromosomes

Down syndrome

21

What is not a normal protein found in people with sickle cell disease

Hemoglobin

22

Which is not a cause oh human genetic disorders

Abnormal hemoglobin

23

A couple that have a family history of a genetic disorder might wish to receive advice from a

Genetic counselor

24

The allele for a sickle cell trait is blank with the normal allele

Codominant

25

Blank is a genetic disorder caused by a reccesivev allele on the X chromomsomes

Hemoplila

26

A doctor may use blank to examine the chromomsomes in a cell

Karytype

27

A condition in which a person skin hair and eyes lack normal coloring

Albinism

28

What are two types of genetic breeding how do they compare

Breeding and hybridization they give you desired traits

29

What is cloning

An organism that has the exact same genes from the organism it was produced from is created

30

How are bacteria used in genetic engineering

Scientist insert the DNA for the human insulin gene into the plasmid of a bacteria

31

How could gene therapy someday be used to treat genetic disorders

Inserting copies of a gene directly into a person cells

32

Organism that has exactly I the same genes as the organism from which it was produced

Gene

33

Process of inserting copied of a gene directly into the cells of a perish with a genetic disorder

Gene therapy

34

The process of selecting organisms with desired traits to be parents of the next generation

Selective breeding

35

Crossing two genetically different organisms

Hybridization

36

Process by which genes from one organism are the transferred into the DNA of another organism

Genetic engineering

37

Is the study of the principles about what is right and wrong fair and unfair

Ethics

38

An organism full sett of DNA is it's

Genome

39

Some people fear health insurance companies or employers could use a persons genetic information to blank against him or her

Discriminate

40

Selected fragments of DNA from a persons cells can be used to produce a unique pattern called a DNA

Fingerprint

41

DNA technology used in the human genome project can show whether people are

Related

42

Identical twin have blank DNA

Identical

43

A Persons medical record may contain information about the persons blank

Lifestyle

44

The goal of the human genome project was to identify the DNA sequence of the blank human genome

Entire

45

Genetic fingerprints can be used to blank skeletal remains

Identify

46

Te genetic information nondiscrimarion cat made it bonks for health insurance companies and employers to tell an individual to have a genetic tests done

Illegal

47

An organism full set of DNA

Genome

48

Using genetic information in a fair and just way

Ethics

49

What is the genetic information nondiscrimation act

Makes it illegal for health insurance companies to discrimimnate against individual based on genetic information

50

Describe concerns about the increased use and avalibility of genetic information

Concerns are that the government might use DNA in other ways such as in a criminal case or paternity case

51

What are uses of DNA finger printing

Tie people to crimes and can identify skeletal remains

52

What is a DNA fingerprint

Selected fragments from in a person DNA are used to produce this pattern

53

What was the main goal of the human genome project

Was to identify DNA sequence of the entire human genome