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Flashcards in Ch3 Deck (42):
0

When earthquakes occur they produce

Seismic waves

1

Result from a forcing pressure on an area

Pressure

2

The layer of rock that forms earth outer skin

Crust

3

A dark fine grained rock

Basalt

4

A rock usually is a light color and has coarse grains

Granite

5

The rock below the boundary is the solid material of the -------- a layer of hot rock

Mantle

6

The group that contains the crust and upper most mantle this is called

Lithosphere

7

Below the lithosphere this soft layer is called

Asthenosphere

8

The result of increasingly high pressure

Mesosphere

9

A layer of molten metal surrounding the inner core

Outer core

10

A dense ball of solid metal

Inner core

11

The transfer of energy that is carried in rays is called

Radiation

12

Heat transfer by a movement of fluids is called

Convection

13

Heat transfer between material that are touching is called

Conduction

14

The measure of how much mass is in an object

Density

15

The flow that transfers heat within a fluid is called

Convection current

16

The approximately 20 minerals that make up most of the rocks of earths crust

Rock forming materials

17

most rocks are made up of these particles

Grain

18

The look and feel of a rocks surface

Texture

19

Forms from cooling of molten materials

Igneous rock

20

Forms when small particles of rocks or the remains of plants or animals are pressed and demented together

Sedimentary

21

Forms when a rock is changed by heat or pressure or by chemical reactions

Metamorphic

22

Solid naturally occurring substances

Minerals

23

Igneous rock formed from lava that erupted onto earths surface

Extrusive rock

24

Igneous rock that formed when magma hardened beneath the surface of earth

Intrusive rock

25

The thin flat layering found in most metamorphic rocks

Foliated

26

Small solid peices of material that come from rocks or living thinks

Sediment

27

The effects of freezing thawing plant roots acid and other forces on rock

Weathering

28

The process by which running water wind or ice carry away bits if broken up rock

Erosion

29

The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it

Deposition

30

The process that presses sediment together

Compaction

31

The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together

Cementation

32

A sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together

Clastic rock

33

Forms where the remains of plants and animals are deposited in layers

Organic rock

34

Forms when minerals dissolved In a water solution crystallize

Chemical rock

35

A series of processes that occur on earths surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly change rocks from one kind to another

Rock cycle

36

Where does the heat come from that drives this convection current in the mantle

The core and the mantle

37

In order list the sequence or processes through which sedimentary rocks forms

Weathering and erosion
Deposition
Compaction
Cementation

38

What is ways sedimentary rocks have been used throughout history

Tools and building materials

39

Which type of rock
Coal

Organic

40

Describe how the granite of a mountain could change first into sandstone and them into quatize

The particles breaks off then streams carry them to the ocean layers of sand slowly pile on the ocean floor and is then compacted

41

Describe how collision between continental plates can result In metamorphic rock

When the plates collide heat and pressure slowly change from one type of rock to another