Flashcards in Ch.3 Federalism Deck (21):
The division of power across the local, state, and national governments
The supreme power of an independent state to regulate its internal affairs without foreign interference
the power to enforce laws and provide public safety
Responsibility for particular policy areas, such as transportation that are shared by federal, state, and local governments.
a system in which the national, centralized government holds ultimate authority. It is the most common form of government in the world.
A form of government in which states hold power over a limited national government.
Organizations that seek to coordinate policy across member nations. Ex: UN, EU, World Bank.
Full faith and credit clause
Part of article IV of the constitution requiring that each state's law be honored by other states. For example, a legal marriage in one state must be recognized across state lines.
Privileges and Immunities clause
Part of article IV of the constitution requiring that states must treat nonstate residents within their borders as they would treat their own residents. This was meant to promote commerce and travel between states.
the idea that states are entitled to a certain amount of self-government, free of federal government intervention. This became a central issue in the period leading up to the civil war.
the form of federalism favored by former chief justice Roger Taney in which national and state governments are seen as distinct entities providing separate services. This model limits the power of the national government
A form of federalism in which national and state governments work together to provide services efficiently. This form emerged in the late 1930s representing a profound shift toward less concrete boundaries of responsibility in national-state relations.
Picket fence federalism
a more refined and realistic form of cooperative federalism in which policy makers within a particular policy area work together across levels of government.
a form of federalism in which federal funds are allocated to the lower levels of government through transfer payments or grants.
federal aid to state or local governments that is provided for a specific purpose, such as a mass transit program within the transportation budget or a school lunch program within the education budget.
federal aid provided to state government to be spent within a certain policy area, but the state can decide how to spend the money within that area.
Federal laws that require that to do certain things but do not provide state governments with funding to implement these policies.
the federal government pressures the states to change their policies by using regulations, mandates, and conditions (often involving threats to withdraw federal funding).
impositions of national priorities on the states through national legislation that is based on the constitution's supermacy clause.
states compete to attract businesses and jobs through the policies they adopt