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Flashcards in Ch4 Vocab Deck (68):
1

Helot

State owned slave in sparta

2

Democracy

Govt by the people

3

Tyrants

People who gained power by force

4

Legislature

Law making body, maintaining order

5

Solon

Wise leader who freed slaves

6

Alliance

A union formed for mutal benefit

7

Pericles

Greek statesman

8

Direct democracy

In which people decide

9

Phalanx

A massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soliders

10

Stipend

A fixed sum that is used as a salary

11

Ostracism

Exclosion from a society

12

Logic

Rational thinking

13

Rhetoric

Art of skillful speaking

14

The republic

A book that plato wrote,described his prefence for monarchy

15

Tragedies

Plays that tell of human suffering that ended with disasters

16

Comedies

Plays of humor

17

Assassinstion

Murder of a political figure

18

Heliocentric

A sun centered universe

19

The elements

A book of geomtry,written by euclid

20

Hippocratic oath

Ethical standards that doctors take

21

Alexander the great

He took over greece to india-to eygpt
Legacy-spread of greek cultural

22

Stipend

A fixed sum that is used as a salary

23

Ostracism

Exclosion from a society

24

Logic

Rational thinking

25

Rhetoric

Art of skillful speaking

26

The republic

A book that plato wrote,described his prefence for monarchy

27

Tragedies

Plays that tell of human suffering that ended with disasters

28

Comedies

Plays of humor

29

Assassinstion

Murder of a political figure

30

Heliocentric

A sun centered universe

31

The elements

A book of geomtry,written by euclid

32

Hippocratic oath

Ethical standards that doctors take

33

Alexander the great

He took over greece to india-to eygpt
Legacy-spread of greek cultural

34

A greek city state

Polis

35

Drama that usually mocks people and customs

Comedies

36

Law making body that decides to approve or reject laws

Legislature

37

Greek temple dedicated to athena

Parthenon

38

Economic conflict over the dardanelles

Trojan war

39

Drama that tells of human suffering,ending in disaster

Tragedies

40

Athenian reformer who outlawed debt slavery

Solon

41

Greek dramas were often based on these

Mythology

42

Alliance dominated by sparta

Peloponnesian league

43

Alliance dominated by athens

Delian league

44

Socrates method of questioning that corrupted the youth

Socratic method

45

Rule by a small group from the business class

Oligrachy

46

Greek philospher who wrote the republic and wanted monarchy

Plato

47

Greek philospher who was put to death for corrupting the youth

Socrates

48

Father of history , who wrote about the persian war

Herodotus

49

Leader of athens during its golden age

Pericles

50

Studied physics, such as the use of levers,pulleys,and volume

Archimedes

51

Wrote the elements-about geomtry

Euclid

52

Developed the formula for calculating the sides of a right triangle

Pythagoras

53

Greek physicisn who set ethical standards doctors still use

Hippocrates

54

Eatablished an empire that reached from greece to eygpt to india

Alex the great

55

King is of macedonia

Phillip II. (2)

56

Greek historian who wrote about the peloponnesian war

Thucydides

57

Famous greek sculpture of zeus

Phidias

58

Who is the chief god of the greeks

Zeus

59

Compare and contrast athens and sparta

Athens was opend,peaceful,educated and they traded

Sparta: was warlike,isoclated ,strict

Same:formed alliance against non greece countries


60

Describe 2 ways geography impacted the development of greece economically,politically,and socially

Surrounded by water and located in penisula
Created individual city states
They couldnt farm

61

Decribe greek sculptures

Idealistic and realistic

62

Explain the sides and results of the persian war

Greece vs persia
Greece won

63

Explain the sides and results of the peloponnesian war

Athens vs sparta
Sparta won

64

What four cultures contributated to the hellenistic age

Greece,eygpt,india,persia

65

What was alex the great greatest achievement

The spread of greek cultural

66

What was the purpose of socrates socratic method of questioning

To explore beliefs and find the truth of why you believe in something

67

List 4 achievements of the hellenistic age

Pythagoran theoram
Hippocrates oath
Mastered the use of levers,pulleys,and discovered how to measure the volume
Calculated the sides of a right triangle

68

List 2 greek playwrights

Aeschylus
Sophocles