Unit 1 Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Study Guide Deck (29):
1

What is the displaying of the earth on a flat surface

Map projection

2

What is the shrinking and stretching of a map

Map distortion

3

The equator is an example of what type of line

Latitude line

4

What is the distance on a map in relation to the real world

Scale

5

What are objects called that are left behind that allow archaeologist to study the past

Artifacts

6

What is the spreading of ideas and technology to other people

Cultural diffusion

7

Belief in many gods

Polytheistic

8

What did Neolithic people learn to do with animals

Domisticate

9

Location that gives longitude and latitude

Absolute

10

Earliest form of writing using pictures

Pictographs

11

The study of the lives of early people by looking at artifacts

Archeology

12

Region that includes a specific place and the areas surrounding it

Functional region

13

Archaeological site found in England

Stone henge

14

4 major components of a map

Scale
Compass rose
Legend
Longitude and latitude

15

What are the cardinal directions

North,south,west,east

16

Name the 3 major types of maps

Physical
Political
Special purpose

17

Explain location

Location is where we are in the world(absolute and relative location)

18

Explain place

Place is how the location is described by either human characteristics(describes people) or physical characteristics(land environment)

19

Explain human environment interactions

It's how humans and the environment affect eachother( humans adapting -if cold put on a coat) humans modify-cutting down trees) humans depend on the environment- food,water,oxygen

20

Explain movement

How we move from place to place
People-transportation
Goods-get shipped to u
Ideas-languages

21

Regions

How the areas are mapped and analyzed
Formal-boundries
Functional-described by its function

22

Where is the Tropic of Cancer

23 1/2*n

23

Where is the Tropic of Capricorn

23 1/2 s

24

How do archaeologists find out about early people

By looking at the things left behind .. Digging and excavation

25

Compare and contrast the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages

Similarities-buried dead with care, believed in multiple gods,and tool materials
Differences-farming,demisticate,hunting, and government

26

How did cultural diffusion occur among ancient people

Trade and war

27

List the 8 points to a civilization and a characteristic of each point

Cities-villages become cities
Organized govt-bureaucracy
Complex religion-polytheistic
Job specialization-artisans
Social class-priest
Arts and architecture-expressed beliefs
Public works-roads/bridges
Writing-scripes

28

Name 3 examples of archaeological sites we discussed in class

Stone hedge,Aleppo,and Jericho

29

What is half of the earth

A hemisphere