Heavy growth of hair, often in abnormal distribution.
An operation using freezing temperature (achieved by liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide) as an independent agent or in an instrument to destroy tissue.
a disease characterized by an enlarged thyroid and increased basal metabolism due to excessive thyroid secretion.
open sore or circumscribed erosion, usually slow to heal, on the skin or mucous membranes. It may develop as a result of injury; because of a circulatory disturbance, e.g., in varicose veins or after prolonged bed rest; or in association with such diseases as tuberculosis, syphilis, or leprosy. Corneal ulcers, which result from infection, allergy, or foreign objects in the eye, can cause visual impairment if not treated promptly. Some ulcers may develop into cancer. The underlying cause must be treated as well as the ulcerous lesion.
A dark-pigmented, usually malignant tumor arising from a melanocyte and occurring most commonly in the skin.
instrument to cut
Alopecia simply means hair loss (baldness).
A disease caused by decreased activity of the thyroid gland in adults and characterized by dry skin, swellings around the lips and nose, mental deterioration, and a subnormal basal metabolic rate.
extremities; top; extreme point
"inflammation of the cells.
A condition characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes that result in the appearance of purplish spots or patches.
An antifungal medication is a pharmaceutical fungicide used to treat mycoses such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.
Anaphylaxis is a type of allergic reaction, in which the immune system responds to otherwise harmless substances from the environment. Unlike other allergic reactions, however, anaphylaxis can kill. Reaction may begin within minutes or even seconds of exposure, and rapidly progress to cause airway constriction, skin and intestinal irritation, and altered heart rhythms. In severe cases, it can result in complete airway obstruction, shock, and death.
nail (of fingers or toes)
basal cell carcinoma
most common form of skin cancer, consisting of an epithelial tumor of the skin originating from neoplastic differentiation of basal cells, rarely metastatic but locally invasive and aggressive.
A carcinoma composed principally of anaplastic, squamous epithelial cells. Also known as epidermoid carcinoma.
thyroid gland; sheild
An endocrinopathy characterised by decreased production of aldosterone and cortisol.
Gangrene is the term used to describe the decay or death of an organ or tissue caused by a lack of blood supply. It is a complication resulting from infectious or inflammatory processes, injury, or degenerative changes associated with chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus.
acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
A small purplish spot on a body surface, such as the skin or a mucous membrane, caused by a minute hemorrhage and often seen in typhus.
Paleness, especially of the skin and mucous membranes.
excision of a lobe, as of the lung, brain, or liver.
Jaundice is a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bile pigments in the blood resulting from liver disease. Jaundice is sometimes called icterus, from a Greek word for the condition.
1. bladder. 2. an abnormal closed epithelium-lined sac in the body that contains a liquid or semisolid substance.
a minute, pinpoint, nonraised, perfectly round, purplish red spot caused by intradermal or submucous hemorrhage, which later turns blue or yellow. adj., adj pete´chial.
Used to reduce or prevent itching of the skin or mucous membranes.
near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of
Hives or nettle rash; a skin condition characterized by the appearance of intensely itching wheals or welts with elevated, usually white centers and a surrounding area of erythema. Also known as hives.
tinea ca´pitis ringworm of the scalp, a fungal infection caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton. Generally it is characterized by one or more small, round, elevated patches, scaling of the scalp, and dry and brittle hair.
a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
Perspiration, especially when copious and medically induced.
adip/o - lip/o
fat fat; lipid
cutane/o -derma dermat/o
Edema of such degree that the skin can be temporarily indented by pressure with the fingers.
An abnormal increase in collagenous connective tissue in the skin. Also known as chorionitis; dermatosclerosis; scleriasis.
An abnormally low plasma concentration of sodium ions.
A chronic disease of adults marked by enlargement of the bones of the extremities, face, and jaw that is caused by overactivity of the pituitary gland.
Destroying or inhibiting the growth of fungi.
1. Cortisone and other hormones produced in the cortex of each adrenal gland. Corticosteroids help to control the balance of salts and sugars in the body. 2. Natural or synthetic hormones that assist metabolism, act in relation to stress, or maintain the salt-andwater balance in the body.
Derived from two Greek words meaning "fish" and "disease," ichthyosis is a congenital (meaning present at birth) dermatological (skin) disease that is represented by thick, scaly skin.
Debridement is the process of removing nonliving tissue from pressure ulcers, burns, and other wounds.
a circumscribed stable malformation of the skin or sometimes the oral mucosa, which is not due to external causes; the excess (or deficiency) of tissue may involve epidermal, connective tissue, adnexal, nervous, or vascular elements. Most are either brown, black, or pink; they may appear on any part of the skin, vary in size and thickness, and occur either in groups or alone. See also mole.
a disorder resulting from increased adrenocortical secretion of cortisol (giving clinical picture of Cushing disease), due to any one of several sources: ACTH-dependent adrenocortical hyperplasia or tumor, ectopic ACTH-secreting tumor, or excessive administrations of steroids; characterized by trunkal obesity, moon face, acne, abdominal striae, hypertension, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, protein catabolism, psychiatric disturbances, and osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and hirsutism in females; when associated with an ACTH-producing adenoma, called Cushing disease.
Excessive growth of facial or body hair in women is called hirsutism.
cornea; hard, horny tissue