Ch7&14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch7&14 Deck (73):
1

hirsutism

Heavy growth of hair, often in abnormal distribution.

2

pil/o

hair

3

xanth/o

yellow

4

cryosurgery

An operation using freezing temperature (achieved by liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide) as an independent agent or in an instrument to destroy tissue.

5

albin/o

white

6

graves disease

a disease characterized by an enlarged thyroid and increased basal metabolism due to excessive thyroid secretion.

7

ulcer

open sore or circumscribed erosion, usually slow to heal, on the skin or mucous membranes. It may develop as a result of injury; because of a circulatory disturbance, e.g., in varicose veins or after prolonged bed rest; or in association with such diseases as tuberculosis, syphilis, or leprosy. Corneal ulcers, which result from infection, allergy, or foreign objects in the eye, can cause visual impairment if not treated promptly. Some ulcers may develop into cancer. The underlying cause must be treated as well as the ulcerous lesion.

8

melanoma

A dark-pigmented, usually malignant tumor arising from a melanocyte and occurring most commonly in the skin.

9

-tome

instrument to cut

10

alopecia

Alopecia simply means hair loss (baldness).

11

erythr/o

red

12

myxedema

A disease caused by decreased activity of the thyroid gland in adults and characterized by dry skin, swellings around the lips and nose, mental deterioration, and a subnormal basal metabolic rate.

13

-derma

skin

14

xer/o

dry, dryness

15

erythem/o

flushed; redness

16

acr/o

extremities; top; extreme point

17

-malacia

softening

18

cellulitis

"inflammation of the cells.

19

purpura

A condition characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes that result in the appearance of purplish spots or patches.

20

cirrh/o

orange-yellow

21

Antimycotics

An antifungal medication is a pharmaceutical fungicide used to treat mycoses such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.

22

anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a type of allergic reaction, in which the immune system responds to otherwise harmless substances from the environment. Unlike other allergic reactions, however, anaphylaxis can kill. Reaction may begin within minutes or even seconds of exposure, and rapidly progress to cause airway constriction, skin and intestinal irritation, and altered heart rhythms. In severe cases, it can result in complete airway obstruction, shock, and death.

23

onych/o

nail (of fingers or toes)

24

basal cell carcinoma

most common form of skin cancer, consisting of an epithelial tumor of the skin originating from neoplastic differentiation of basal cells, rarely metastatic but locally invasive and aggressive.

25

calc/o

calcium

26

thym/o

thymus gland

27

squamous-cell carcinoma

A carcinoma composed principally of anaplastic, squamous epithelial cells. Also known as epidermoid carcinoma.

28

myc/o

fungus

29

thyr/o

thyroid gland; sheild

30

Addison disease

An endocrinopathy characterised by decreased production of aldosterone and cortisol.

31

gangrene

Gangrene is the term used to describe the decay or death of an organ or tissue caused by a lack of blood supply. It is a complication resulting from infectious or inflammatory processes, injury, or degenerative changes associated with chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus.

32

rhytid/o

wrinkle

33

ketoacidosis

acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

34

leuk/o

white

35

petechiae

A small purplish spot on a body surface, such as the skin or a mucous membrane, caused by a minute hemorrhage and often seen in typhus.

36

pallor

Paleness, especially of the skin and mucous membranes.

37

lobectomy

excision of a lobe, as of the lung, brain, or liver.

38

jaund/o

yellow

39

jaundice

Jaundice is a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bile pigments in the blood resulting from liver disease. Jaundice is sometimes called icterus, from a Greek word for the condition.

40

cyst

1. bladder. 2. an abnormal closed epithelium-lined sac in the body that contains a liquid or semisolid substance.

41

toxic/o

poison

42

petechia

a minute, pinpoint, nonraised, perfectly round, purplish red spot caused by intradermal or submucous hemorrhage, which later turns blue or yellow. adj., adj pete´chial.

43

seb/o

sebum

44

pancreat/o

pancreas

45

ungu/o

nail

46

antipruritics

Used to reduce or prevent itching of the skin or mucous membranes.

47

para-

near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of

48

Urticaria

Hives or nettle rash; a skin condition characterized by the appearance of intensely itching wheals or welts with elevated, usually white centers and a surrounding area of erythema. Also known as hives.

49

gluc/o

glucose; sugar

50

tinea

tinea ca´pitis ringworm of the scalp, a fungal infection caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton. Generally it is characterized by one or more small, round, elevated patches, scaling of the scalp, and dry and brittle hair.

51

hidr/o

sweat

52

hypervolemia

a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood

53

diaphoresis

Perspiration, especially when copious and medically induced.

54

parathyroid/o

parathyroid glands

55

adip/o - lip/o

fat fat; lipid

56

cyan/o

blue

57

cutane/o -derma dermat/o

skin

58

pitting edema

Edema of such degree that the skin can be temporarily indented by pressure with the fingers.

59

ox/o

oxygen

60

Scleroderma

An abnormal increase in collagenous connective tissue in the skin. Also known as chorionitis; dermatosclerosis; scleriasis.

61

hyponatremia

An abnormally low plasma concentration of sodium ions.

62

acromegaly

A chronic disease of adults marked by enlargement of the bones of the extremities, face, and jaw that is caused by overactivity of the pituitary gland.

63

Antifungals

Destroying or inhibiting the growth of fungi.

64

kal/i

potassium

65

corticosteroids

1. Cortisone and other hormones produced in the cortex of each adrenal gland. Corticosteroids help to control the balance of salts and sugars in the body. 2. Natural or synthetic hormones that assist metabolism, act in relation to stress, or maintain the salt-andwater balance in the body.

66

ichthyosis

Derived from two Greek words meaning "fish" and "disease," ichthyosis is a congenital (meaning present at birth) dermatological (skin) disease that is represented by thick, scaly skin.

67

debridement

Debridement is the process of removing nonliving tissue from pressure ulcers, burns, and other wounds.

68

ichthy/o

dry; scaly

69

nevus

a circumscribed stable malformation of the skin or sometimes the oral mucosa, which is not due to external causes; the excess (or deficiency) of tissue may involve epidermal, connective tissue, adnexal, nervous, or vascular elements. Most are either brown, black, or pink; they may appear on any part of the skin, vary in size and thickness, and occur either in groups or alone. See also mole.

70

Cushing syndrome

a disorder resulting from increased adrenocortical secretion of cortisol (giving clinical picture of Cushing disease), due to any one of several sources: ACTH-dependent adrenocortical hyperplasia or tumor, ectopic ACTH-secreting tumor, or excessive administrations of steroids; characterized by trunkal obesity, moon face, acne, abdominal striae, hypertension, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, protein catabolism, psychiatric disturbances, and osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and hirsutism in females; when associated with an ACTH-producing adenoma, called Cushing disease.

71

hirsutism

Excessive growth of facial or body hair in women is called hirsutism.

72

adren/o

adrenal gland

73

kerat/o

cornea; hard, horny tissue