Flashcards in ch8 Deck (13)
takes over a bacterium's genetic machinery and directs it to make more viruses.
the small units or monomers that make up DNA
in which 2 strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
base pairing rules
thymine always pair with adenine
cytosine always pair with guanine
the process by which DNA is copied during the cell cycle
a group of enzymes that bond the new nucleotides together.
states that information flows in one direction
the process of copying a sequence of DNA to produce a complementary strand of RNA
enzymes that bond nucleotides together in a chain to make a new RNA molecule
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
an intermediate message that is translated to form a protein
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
forms part of ribosomes, a cell's protein factories