Ch.8 Microbial Genetics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.8 Microbial Genetics Deck (11)
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Genetics

Science of heredity

1

Genome

All the genetic information in a cell

2

Genome in Eukaryotes

Multiple linear c'somes in nucleus, mitochondrion, chloroplast

3

Genome of Prokaryote

1 to a few circular c'some and plasmids in cytoplasm

4

Chromosomes

Physical structure composed of DNA carrying genes

5

Genes

Segments of DNA that code for a working protein or part of a protein or RNA

6

Transformation

Pick DNA up from environment

7

Conjugation

Get from another bacterial cell, sex pili and F factor plasmids

8

Transduction

Get when infected by bacteriophage virus

9

Plasmids

Smaller circular DNA molecules

10

Transposons

Small pieces of DNA that can move from one part of the genome to another