Ch9 Flashcards Preview

ISO CLT 17 > Ch9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch9 Deck (30):
1

More often than not, ________causes mental and physical mistakes.

Overexertion

2

We know that _______is the leading cause of injuries and deaths at incidents.

Overexertion

3

The essence of fire service professionalism is the ability to function _____ at all times.

Safely

4

The number one cause of injuries?

Overexertion

5

Efforts to improve an individuals strength, flexibility, and aerobics to help prevent overexertion can be defined as?

Work hardening

6

The science of adapting work or working conditions to a worker. Others define it as the study of problems associated with people adjusting to their work environment

Ergonomics

7

Physical setting + Worker relationship to setting + Task requirements = ?

Ergonomic stress

8

Worker relationship to the setting:

Often the speed or pace at which the task is completed may also create an __________.

Injury relationship

9

Task requirements:

In other cases, the limited number of people(staffing) available to accomplish the task is the primary factor leading to ______.

Injury

10

Physical setting:

Understanding the stressors related to the physical setting involves examining the surface conditions of the working area.

Distractions are also part of the work setting.

Often, The setting stressor has to do with the space size or geometry of the work location.

Key information

11

Ergonomic abatement strategies:(3)

Awareness

Accomodation

Acclimation

12

Perhaps the most used abatement strategy and certainly the most simple.

Awareness

13

______includes efforts to alter or adjust the environment, worker relationship, or task to reduce injury potential

Accommodation

14

Abatement strategies:

The use of PPE is ?

Accomodation

15

Can be defined as an individuals gradual process of becoming accustomed to an environment

Acclimation

16

Abatement strategies:

The most difficult stategy to implement during an incident. Most is done proactively and is typically gradual

Acclimation

17

The primary mechanism to prevent heat stress is _______.

Sweating.

Evaporative cooling

18

FFs engaged in operations wearing full structural PPE will have elevated core temperatures, averaging over _______ after 20 minutes(one scba bottle) of activity.

101.5

19

An early warning sign that the core temperature is elevated.

THF

Transient heat fatigue

20

____ is a signal that active core cooling remedies are needed

THF

21

Characterized by the onset of physical exhaustion that is remedied by rest and hydration only to return quickly and more profoundly upon engagement with the hit environment

THF

22

Thermal radiation from flames and hot surfaces is the most common cause of THF.

True or false?

True

23

Characterized by blotches of red skin or red bumps, especially around the neck, cheeks, underarms, and groin

Heat rash

* another sign that active cooling remedies are needed

24

True injury marked by muscle spasms. A warning that the body's electrolytes are not balanced. Medical attention is warranted.

Heat cramps

* dehydration may also play a role in heat cramps

25

Actually an early form of hypovolemic shock due to the loss of water and electrolytes through sweating.

Heat exhaustion

26

Characterized by cool and clammy skin that may be ashen gray and may be accompanied by dizziness, nausea, and or headaches. Medical attention is warranted.

Heat exhaustion

27

The most serious heat stress injury

Heat stroke

28

Result of the failure of the bodies cooling mechanisms. Characterized by a change in behavior and in some cases, hot, dry, flushed skin(late sign)

Heat stroke

29

_____is considered a medical emergency and rapid transport to hospital is mandatory

Heat stroke

30

The prevention of thermal stress injuries can be accomplished by ______,_________, and __________.

Accomodation, rotation, and hydration