Chap 5 Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Chap 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 5 Deck (19):
1

Understand something new in terms of existing schemes
- using current way they do something to try something new, the way they first tried it probably isnt going to work

Assimilation

2

Change an existing scheme in response to find something new

Accommodation

3

Adaptation has two parts

1. assimilation
2. adaptation

4

overall knowledge is the product of direct motor behavior

Sensorimotor stage

5

6 Sensorimotor stage

1. Simple reflexes (0-1 month)
2.Primary circular reaction
3. Secondary circular reaction (4-8 months)
4.Coordination
5. Tertiary circular reaction (12-18 months)
6.Beginning of thoughts

6

the child repeating a behavior with its own body. Initially by chance, then becomes deleberate

Primary circular rection

7

repetition of chance of events with other objects ex/ rattle

Secondary circular reaction

8

believing something exists even when you cant see it

object permanence

9

deliberate variations of behavior

Tertiary circular reaction

10

symbolic of mental representation of thoughts, includes deferred imitation

Beginning of thought

11

repetition of others behaviors behaviors after it has occured

deferred imitation

12

how we take in information- depends on what part we attend to

encoding

13

saving material in memory

storage

14

recovery of stored information

retrieval

15

the degree to which an activity requires attention

automatization

16

includes sounds, facial expression, gestures, imitation

Prelinguistic communication

17

not well supported: counter evidence is that kids pick up grammar often seemingly automatically come up with novel phrases, and learn to many words too quickly for this to work complete

Learning theory

18

high pitch, short simple sentences, range of frequencies

infant directed speech

19

natavistic plus exposure and reinforcement in a general way

interactionist approach