Flashcards in Chap. 9 - SZO, drugs and side effects Deck (21)
High potency drugs have _____ risk of EPS but _____ risk of sedation and anticholinergic symptoms
greater risk of EPS, less risk of sedation
Low potency drugs have _____ of EPS but _____ risk of sedation and anticholinergic symptoms
less risk of EPS, greater risk of sedation
Caffeine and nicotine will enhance or diminish the efficacy of the typicals?
Treatment of EPS: 4 drug classes
Symptoms of TD are most prominent, and noticed soonest, in the _____ area
Perioral (lip smacking, tongue protrusion)
AIMS screening should be every __ - __ months
3 - 6 months
Your first intervention, should you notice symptoms of TD, is to...
Reduce the dose or change to an atypical
A big number on the AIMS scale (which runs 0-40) is good or bad?
It's bad. 10 items ranked 0 (no problem) to 4 (severe problem), plus questions about dentition.
NMS confirmed by three elevated labs:
Early signs of NMS (3)
Immediate treatment for NMS: Name 2 drugs, and their class
Parlodel (bromocriptine) - direct dopamine agonist
Dantrium (dantrolene) - muscle relaxant
Late stage NMS - Hypertension or hypotension?
Tachycardia or bradycardia?
Tachypnea or bradypnea?
An objective motor restlessness, or an subjective sense of restlessness with no objective finding
Absence of movement, or difficulty initiating motion, or a subjective feeling of lack of motivation to move
Muscle spasm, esp. back and neck muscles
Shuffling gait, pill rolling, tremors, rigidity, masked expression
Involuntary abnormal muscle movement of the mouth, tongue, face, and jaw that may progress to limbs. Can be irreversible.
SUD comorbid rate with SZO
Nicotine dependence comorbid rate with SZO
Suicide rates in SZO