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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (158):
1

ambulat

(v) he/she walks

2

intrat

(v) he/she enters

3

iuuat

(v) he/she helps

4

labōrat

(v) he/she works

5

laudat

(v) he/she praises

6

parat

(v) he/she prepares

7

portat

(v) he/she carries

8

salūtat

(v) he/she greets

9

spectat

(v) he/she looks at

10

uocat

(v) he/she calls

11

est

(v) he/she is

12

īrāta

(adj) angry

13

laeta

(adj) happy

14

parāta

(adj) ready

15

in

(prep) in, into

16

aqua

(n) water

17

casa

(n) house

18

cēna

(n) meal, dinner

19

fīlia

(n) daughter

20

puella

(n) girl

21

nōn

(adv) not

22

mox

(adv) soon

23

et

(conj) and

24

sed

(conj) but

25

ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

walk

26

intrō, intrāre, intrāvī, intrātus-a-um

enter

27

iuvō, iuvāre, iūvī, iūtus-a-um

aid, help

28

labōrō, labōrāre, labōrāvī, labōrātus-a-um

work

29

laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātus-a-um

praise

30

parō, parāre, parāvī, parātus-a-um

prepare

31

portō, portāre, portāvī, portātus-a-um

carry

32

salutō, salutāre, salutāvī, salutātus-a-um

greet

33

spectō, spectāre, spectāvī, spectātus-a-um

look at

34

vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus-a-um

call

35

sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

to be

36

aqua -ae f.

water

37

casa -ae f.

house

38

cena -ae f.

dinner

39

femina -ae f.

woman

40

filia -ae f.

daughter

41

puella -ae f.

girl

42

iratus-a-um

angry

43

laetus-a-um

happy

44

paratus-a-um

ready

45

casa ('house')

1st Declension Nominative Singular

46

casae ('houses')

1st Declension Nominative Plural

47

casae ('of the house')

1st Declension Genitive Singular

48

casarum ('of the houses')

1st Declension Genitive Plural

49

casae ('to'/'for the house')

1st Declension Dative Singular

50

casis ('to'/'for the houses')

1st Declension Dative Plural

51

casam ('house' direct object of a verb)

1st Declension Accusative Singular

52

casas ('houses' direct object of a verb)

1st Declension Accusative Plural

53

casā ('by'/'with'/'from the house')

1st Declension Ablative Singular

54

casis ('by'/'with'/'from the houses')

1st Declension Ablative Plural

55

casa ('house' direct address)

1st Declension Vocative Singular

56

casae ('houses' direct address)

1st Declension Vocative Plural

57

ambulo ('I walk')

First Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

58

ambulamus ('we walk')

First Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

59

ambulas ('you [sg.] walk')

Second Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

60

ambulatis ('you [pl.] walk')

Second Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

61

ambulat ('he'/'she'/'it walks')

Third Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

62

ambulant ('they walk')

Third Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

63

ambula! ([you (sg.)] 'walk!')

Imperative Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

64

ambulate! ([you (pl.)] 'walk!)

Imperative Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

65

sum ('I am')

First Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

66

sumus ('we are')

First Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

67

es ('you [sg.] are')

Second Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

68

estis ('you [pl.] are')

Second Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

69

est ('he'/'she'/'it is')

Third Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

70

sunt ('they are')

Third Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

71

ambulo

First Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

72

ambulamus

First Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

73

ambulas

Second Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

74

ambulatis

Second Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

75

ambulat

Third Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

76

ambulant

Third Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

77

ambula!

Imperative Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

78

ambulate!

Imperative Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

79

sum 

First Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

80

sumus

First Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

81

es

Second Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

82

estis

Second Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

83

est 

Third Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

84

sunt

Third Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

85

walk

ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

86

enter

intrō, intrāre, intrāvī, intrātus-a-um

87

aid, help

iuvō, iuvāre, iūvī, iūtus-a-um

88

work

labōrō, labōrāre, labōrāvī, labōrātus-a-um

89

praise

laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātus-a-um

90

prepare

parō, parāre, parāvī, parātus-a-um

91

carry

portō, portāre, portāvī, portātus-a-um

92

greet

salutō, salutāre, salutāvī, salutātus-a-um

93

look at

spectō, spectāre, spectāvī, spectātus-a-um

94

call

vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus-a-um

95

to be

sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

96

water

aqua -ae f.

97

house

casa -ae f.

98

dinner

cena -ae f.

99

woman

femina -ae f.

100

daughter

filia -ae f.

101

girl

puella -ae f.

102

angry

iratus-a-um

103

happy

laetus-a-um

104

ready

paratus-a-um

105

ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

106

intrō, intrāre, intrāvī, intrātus-a-um

107

iuvō, iuvāre, iūvī, iūtus-a-um

108

labōrō, labōrāre, labōrāvī, labōrātus-a-um

109

laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātus-a-um

110

parō, parāre, parāvī, parātus-a-um

111

portō, portāre, portāvī, portātus-a-um

112

salutō, salutāre, salutāvī, salutātus-a-um

113

spectō, spectāre, spectāvī, spectātus-a-um

114

vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus-a-um

115

aqua -ae f.

116

casa -ae f.

117

cena -ae f.

118

femina -ae f.

119

filia -ae f.

120

puella -ae f.

121

iratus-a-um

122

laetus-a-um

123

paratus-a-um

124

1st Declension Nominative Singular

casa ('house')

125

1st Declension Nominative Plural

casae ('houses')

126

1st Declension Genitive Singular

casae ('of the house')

127

1st Declension Genitive Plural

casarum ('of the houses')

128

1st Declension Dative Singular

casae ('to'/'for the house')

129

1st Declension Dative Plural

casis ('to'/'for the houses')

130

1st Declension Accusative Singular

casam ('house' direct object of a verb)

131

1st Declension Accusative Plural

casas ('houses' direct object of a verb)

132

1st Declension Ablative Singular

casā ('by'/'with'/'from the house')

133

1st Declension Ablative Plural

casis ('by'/'with'/'from the houses')

134

1st Declension Vocative Singular

casa ('house' direct address)

135

1st Declension Vocative Plural

casae ('houses' direct address)

136

First Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulo ('I walk')

137

First Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulamus ('we walk')

138

Second Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulas ('you [sg.] walk')

139

Second Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulatis ('you [pl.] walk')

140

Third Person Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulat ('he'/'she'/'it walks')

141

Third Person Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulant ('they walk')

142

Imperative Singular Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambula! ([you (sg.)] 'walk!')

143

Imperative Plural Conjugation of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum

ambulate! ([you (pl.)] 'walk!)

144

First Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

sum ('I am')

145

First Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

sumus ('we are')

146

Second Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

es ('you [sg.] are')

147

Second Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

estis ('you [pl.] are')

148

Third Person Singular Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

est ('he'/'she'/'it is')

149

Third Person Plural Conjugation of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus-a-um

sunt ('they are')

150

Nominative case

The nominative case marks the subject of a statement and denotes the person or object that performs the action of the verb in the sentence.

151

Accuastive case

The accusative case marks the direct object of a verb.

152

Genitive case

The genitive case expresses possession, measurement, or source. Many of its uses correspond in English to uses of the preposition "of", and in some situations to the English "possessive" case.

153

Dative case

The dative case marks the recipient of an action, the indirect object of a verb. In English, the prepositions"to" and "for" frequently correspond to this case, though there are also many uses of these prepositions which do not correspond to the dative case.

154

Ablative case

The ablative case expresses separation, indirection, or the means by which an action is performed. In English, the prepositions by, with, from, in and on are most commonly used to indicate these meanings.

155

Vocative Case

The vocative case is used to address someone or something in direct speech. In English, this function is expressed by intonation or punctuation: "Mary, are you going to the store?" or "Mary!" ("Mary" is vocative).

156

First Declension Singlur endings:

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

Vocative

(nom) -a

(gen) -ae

(dat) -ae

(acc) -m

(abl) -ā

(voc) -a

157

First Declension Plural endings:

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

Vocative

(nom) -ae

(gen) -rum

(dat) -is

(acc) -as

(abl) -is

(voc) -ae

158

First Declension meaning:

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

Vocative

Subject of a verb ending in -a

of the ...

to/for the ...

direct object of a verb

by/with/from the ...

direct address