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Flashcards in chapter 1 Deck (21)
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1
Q

what is the anatomical position

A

body is upright, feet are slightly apart, palms face forward, and thumbs point away from body

2
Q

axial part

A

head, neck, and trunk

3
Q

appendicular part

A

the limbs

4
Q

superior (cranial)

A

towards the upper part of body

5
Q

inferior (caudal)

A

towards the lower part of body

6
Q

anterior (ventral)

A

towards the front of the body

ex. breastbone is anterior to the spine

7
Q

posterior (dorsal)

A

towards the back of the body

ex. heart is posterior to the breastbone

8
Q

medial

A

the midline of the body

ex. heart is medial to the arm

9
Q

lateral

A

away from the midline of the body

ex. arms are lateral to the chest

10
Q

intermediate

A

between a more medial and a more lateral structure

ex. collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and the shoulder

11
Q

proximal

A

closer to the origin of the body. the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
ex. elbow is proximal to the wrist

12
Q

distal

A

farther from the origin of the body

ex. knee is distal to the thigh

13
Q

superficial (external)

A

towards or at the body surface

ex. the skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles

14
Q

deep (internal)

A

away from the body surface. more internal

ex. the lungs are deep to the skin

15
Q

sagittal

A

vertical plane dividing the body into left and right halves

16
Q

frontal

A

a vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior parts

17
Q

transverse (cross section)

A

a horizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior parts

18
Q

dorsal cavity

A

contains the brain and spinal cord

19
Q

ventral cavity

A

contains the visceral body organs

20
Q

synovial cavities

A

enclosed in the moveable joints

21
Q

cranial cavities

A

middle and internal ear, nasal, the orbits, and several air filled cavities called sinuses