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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (55):
1

Which of the following groups is a supranational organization?
A) United Nations
B) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
C) International Federation of Accountants
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

2

Determination of net present value involves:
A) forecasting future profits and cash flows.
B) discounting future cash flows back to their present value.
C) analysis on an after-tax basis.
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

3

International accounting can be defined in terms of which the following levels?
A) Supranational organizations
B) Company
C) Country
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

4

The factor used to convert from one country's currency to another country's currency is called the:
A) Interest rate.
B) Cost of capital.
C) Exchange rate.
D) Strike price.

C) Exchange rate.

5

What is the term used to describe the possibility that a foreign currency will decrease in US $ value over the life of an asset such as Accounts Receivable?
A) foreign exchange translation
B) foreign exchange risk
C) hedging
D) foreign currency options

B) foreign exchange risk

6

Foreign exchange risk arises when:
A) business transactions are denominated in foreign currencies.
B) sales are made to customers in a foreign country.
C) goods or services are purchased from suppliers in a foreign country.
D) accounting reports are prepared in a foreign currency.

A) business transactions are denominated in foreign currencies.

7

As used in international accounting, a “hedge” is:
A) a business transaction made to reduce the exposure of foreign exchange risk.
B) the legal barrier between the various divisions of a multinational company.
C) the loss in US $ resulting from a decline in the value of the US $ relative to foreign currencies.
D) one form of foreign direct investment.

A) a business transaction made to reduce the exposure of foreign exchange risk.

8

Purchasing an option to buy foreign currency at a predetermined exchange rate in order to reduce exchange risk is called:
A) transfer pricing.
B) hedging.
C) translating.
D) cross-listing.

B) hedging.

9

What term is used to describe the process of reducing foreign exchange risk?
A) international accounting
B) exposure
C) hedging
D) globalization

C) hedging

10

The ownership and control of foreign assets such as a manufacturing plant is called:
A) a hedge.
B) foreign direct investment.
C) exposure.
D) derivatives.

B) foreign direct investment.

11

What is a “greenfield” investment?
A) Farm land held for speculation
B) Foreign direct investment whereby a new facility is constructed abroad
C) Purchasing an existing facility as a foreign direct investment
D) A foreign investment that has been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency

B) Foreign direct investment whereby a new facility is constructed abroad

12

Which of the following is an example of a greenfield investment?
A) Nike contracts with a footwear company in China to make athletic shoes.
B) A Chinese oil company buys a U.S. oil company.
C) Toyota, a Japanese automaker, builds an assembly plant in Ohio.
D) Daimler, a German automaker, merges with Chrysler, a U.S. automaker.

C) Toyota, a Japanese automaker, builds an assembly plant in Ohio.

13

Which of the following is a reason for foreign direct investment?
A) Reduce costs of doing business
B) Protect domestic markets
C) Protect foreign markets
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

14

A translation adjustment may be necessary when:
A) notes to financial statements are converted from one language to another.
B) foreign currency financial statements are converted to another currency.
C) consolidated financial statements are prepared.
D) hedging foreign currency.

B) foreign currency financial statements are converted to another currency.

15

What is “transfer pricing?”
A) The cost to convert from one country's GAAP to another country's GAAP
B) The value of sales made in a foreign country
C) The method of recording transactions between divisions within the same company
D) The taxes paid on sales in a foreign country

C) The method of recording transactions between divisions within the same company

16

ABCO Corporation has a parts division in country A. Its assembly division is in country B, which has a higher tax rate than country A. To minimize the corporation's overall income tax, how should ABCO set its transfer prices between its parts and assembly divisions?
A) The parts division should sell parts to the assembly division at low prices.
B) The parts division should sell parts to the assembly division at high prices.
C) It doesn't matter what transfer price is used because the divisions are part of the same company.
D) Transfer pricing has nothing to do with the total tax paid by the corporation.

B) The parts division should sell parts to the assembly division at high prices.

17

The process by which a domestic company sells its stock, already sold on its domestic exchange, on a foreign stock exchange is known as:
A) SEC registration
B) Initial public offering
C) Consolidation
D) Cross-listing

D) Cross-listing

18

In 2008 the country with the largest amount of exports was:
A) the United States of America.
B) China.
C) Japan.
D) Germany.

D) Germany.

19

The multinationality index (MNI) includes the following ratio:
A) foreign working capital to total working capital.
B) foreign cash to total cash.
C) foreign employment to total employment.
D) foreign loans to total loans.

C) foreign employment to total employment.

20

The number of companies involved in international trade has grown significantly in recent years. What percent of U.S. exporters are relatively small (i.e. less than 500 employees)?
A) Less than 5%
B) 10%
C) 25%
D) more than 90%

D) more than 90%

21

What is the advantage of foreign direct investment?
A) Retain advantage over competition
B) Reducing transportation costs
C) Creating a company tailored to a foreign market's unique characteristics
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

22

OECD is an important supranational entity. What do the letters OECD stand for?
A) Organization of Electrical Companies Directorate
B) Oil Exporting Countries and Developers
C) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
D) Oil Exporting Corporations and Divisions

C) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

23

What countries are collectively known as “the triad”?
A) France, Spain and Italy
B) Germany, Russia and China
C) United States, Japan and members of the European Union
D) United States, Canada and Mexico

C) United States, Japan and members of the European Union

24

What is one reason for the tremendous increase in the flow of foreign direct investment from 1982 to 2007?
A) Transfer pricing
B) The liberalization of investment laws in many countries
C) The similarities in tax rates and tax laws across the globe
D) The availability of hedging instruments

B) The liberalization of investment laws in many countries

25

Foreign companies whose stocks are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) must report their income in terms of:
A) International Accounting Standards.
B) the GAAP of their home country.
C) the generally accepted accounting principles of the United States.
D) All of the above.

C) the generally accepted accounting principles of the United States.

26

Which of the following is a reason a company might cross-list itself on a foreign stock exchange?
A) It wants to hedge against currency fluctuations.
B) It is less expensive than listing itself solely on a domestic exchange.
C) It wants to obtain acquisition currency for acquiring a foreign company.
D) It is a means of accomplishing foreign direct investment.

C) It wants to obtain acquisition currency for acquiring a foreign company.

27

What is KPMG?
A) It is a Dutch manufacturing company with plants in over 50 countries worldwide.
B) It is an international public accounting firm.
C) It is the largest of the multinational corporations listed on the NYSE.
D) It is a governmental agency whose aim is promoting international business.

B) It is an international public accounting firm.

28

Which of the following is true about foreign direct investment?
A) It is a means of reducing transportation costs.
B) Since the 1980's foreign direct investment has been relatively stable worldwide.
C) Only very large corporations are undertaking foreign direct investment.
D) Foreign direct investment refers only to the amount of money U.S. corporations put into non-U.S. businesses.

A) It is a means of reducing transportation costs.

29

When a foreign subsidiary pays dividends to its U.S. parent, this process is known as:
A) repatriation.
B) the reverse authoritative principle.
C) income-splitting.
D) earnings management.

A) repatriation.

30

Why would a company want its stock cross-listed on the stock exchanges of several countries?
A) To make financial reporting less burdensome for its accounting firm
B) In order to use International Financial Reporting Standards
C) To gain access to more financial resources than are available in its home country
D) All of the above

C) To gain access to more financial resources than are available in its home country

31

Which functional areas are included in the study of international accounting?
A) Financial reporting
B) Accounting information systems
C) Taxation
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

32

How should we recognize the difference between the value of a receivable in a foreign currency at the time it was recorded and the time the cash was received?
A) As an adjustment to stockholders' equity
B) As an adjustment to sales revenue
C) As an extraordinary gain or loss
D) As a prior period adjustment

A) As an adjustment to stockholders' equity

33

What currency is used in the United Kingdom?
A) Crown
B) Euro
C) Pound
D) UK dollar

C) Pound

34

. Which of these European countries does NOT use the Euro as its domestic currency?
A) France
B) United Kingdom
C) Ireland
D) The Netherlands

B) United Kingdom

35

What term is used to describe combining the financial statements of all subsidiaries, both foreign and domestic, into the financial statements of the parent?
A) Convergence
B) Hedging
C) Consolidation
D) Incorporation

C) Consolidation

36

Which of the following statements is true about U.S. taxation of foreign subsidiaries?
A) The U.S. does not tax income generated on subsidiaries incorporated in foreign countries.
B) U.S. multinationals pay tax on their worldwide income as soon as it is earned.
C) Transfer pricing will eliminate taxes by the U.S. government on multinational corporations.
D) U.S. tax on foreign operations does not have to be paid until the income is brought back to the United States.

D) U.S. tax on foreign operations does not have to be paid until the income is brought back to the United States.

37

Why is auditing a multinational corporation potentially more difficult than auditing an entity that has only domestic operations?
A) Language differences
B) Cultural differences
C) Multiple sets of accounting standards
D) All of the above

D) All of the above

38

What is the entry point for most companies into the world of international business?
A) Shanghai
B) exporting
C) foreign direct investment
D) cross-listing on international stock exchanges

B) exporting

39

In terms of multinational corporation international trade and investment, the United States, Japan, and the European Union are referred to together as:
A) the G8.
B) the Commonwealth
C) the triad.
D) the OECD.

C) the triad.

40

Many countries have recently liberalized their investment laws. What is the primary reason for these actions?
A) To make it more difficult for multinational companies to compete with domestic corporations
B) To encourage foreign direct investment
C) To enable funds to flow out of their country more easily
D) To make taxing foreign companies easier

B) To encourage foreign direct investment

41

The 100 largest multinational companies generate what share of the world's Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
A) 4%
B) 20%
C) 50%
D) 75%

A) 4%

42

What group is primarily responsible for the creation of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)?
A) Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
B) International Forum on Accountancy Development (IFAD)
C) International Federation of Accountants (IFA)
D) International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)

D) International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)

43

Which of the following is an advantage of having a single set of accounting standards used worldwide?
A) Reduce the accounting costs for multinational corporations
B) Increase the power of the FASB
C) Reduce the number of multinational corporations on the NYSE
D) Increase the diversity of accounting methods used by multinational corporations

A) Reduce the accounting costs for multinational corporations

44

What does “multinationality” mean?
A) How internationally widespread a company's investment and business operations are
B) The diversity of languages spoken at a company's headquarters
C) The number of stock exchanges where a company's shares are listed

A) How internationally widespread a company's investment and business operations are

45

Assume that ABCO is a U.S. multinational corporation. Its foreign subsidiaries must report income in their respective countries according to GAAP in those countries. How must ABCO report its consolidated financial statements?
A) ABCO must choose any one country's accounting standards and combine the subsidiary reports into the parent company's statements using that one country's GAAP.
B) Since the company is operating in several different countries, the International Accounting Standards must be used for the consolidated financial statements.
C) Since ABCO is a U.S. corporation, U.S. generally accepted accounting principles must be used for the consolidated financial statements.
D) On the consolidated financial statements, each subsidiary's financial results must be shown in the currency of the country where the subsidiary is located.

C) Since ABCO is a U.S. corporation, U.S. generally accepted accounting principles must be used for the consolidated financial statements.

46

For a U.S. multinational corporation, consolidating the financial statements of foreign subsidiaries requires two steps. First, the foreign subsidiary's statements must be restated according to U.S. GAAP. The next step is to:
A) convert the account balances into U.S. dollars.
B) determine the exchange rate gain or loss.
C) calculate the translation adjustment.
D) restate the income using international accounting standards.

A) convert the account balances into U.S. dollars.

47

When setting transfer prices among international subsidiaries, the corporation must:
A) make sure that the total tax is minimized.
B) ensure that the transfer prices are acceptable to the taxing authorities in the countries involved.
C) do whatever it takes to make taxes paid in the United States as low as possible.
D) follow the transfer pricing policy used for domestic transfers.

B) ensure that the transfer prices are acceptable to the taxing authorities in the countries involved.

48

What is the primary provision of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act?
A) To specify which corrupt practices are acceptable under U.S. law
B) It prescribes how to account for bribes paid by U.S. corporations to obtain business from foreign governments.
C) It informs internal auditors how to detect fraud in multinational corporations.
D) To prohibit U.S. companies from paying bribes to foreign government officials to obtain business

D) To prohibit U.S. companies from paying bribes to foreign government officials to obtain business

49

What is a key objective of a company's performance evaluation system?
A) To determine how much to pay executives in bonuses and other compensation
B) To ensure that the domestic and foreign operations are achieving their objectives.
C) To control foreign subsidiaries
D) To assess the effect of foreign exchange rates on published financial statements

B) To ensure that the domestic and foreign operations are achieving their objectives.

50


50. What is the primary role of internal auditing in a multinational corporation?
A) To assist the external auditors in completing the financial statement audit in a timely fashion
B) To make sure that employees comply with local customs and traditions
C) To ensure that corporate policies and procedures are being followed and to assess operating efficiency
D) To prepare the consolidated financial statement of the corporation in compliance with international accounting standards

C) To ensure that corporate policies and procedures are being followed and to assess operating efficiency

51

Which of the following statements is true about international transfer pricing?
A) It is a violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
B) It is accomplished using guidelines set up by the FASB.
C) It is used to minimize the amount of worldwide taxes.
D) Most countries do not regulate it.

C) It is used to minimize the amount of worldwide taxes.

52

What percentage of world trade is represented by manufactured products?
A) 66.5%
B) 22.5%
C) 8.5%
D) 75.5%

A) 66.5%

53

In 2005 the most popular location for inbound FDI among OECD countries was:
A) France
B) China
C) the United Kingdom
D) Luxembourg

C) the United Kingdom

54

XYZ Corporation, with a division located in Germany, must translate its financial statements from euros to U.S. dollars. What is the major issue involved in translation?
A) Most accountants are not conversant in foreign currency exchange.
B) U.S. GAAP may differ from German GAAP.
C) The U.S. dollar has been steadily falling relative to the euro.
D) The resulting balance sheet may not balance.

D) The resulting balance sheet may not balance.

55

The five most multinational U.S. companies in 2008 were AES Corporation, Liberty Group, Inc., Coca-Cola, ExxonMobil and:
A) General Electric.
B) Proctor & Gamble.
C) International House of Pancakes.
D) Starbuck’s.

B) Proctor & Gamble.