Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (43):
science that focuses on observable behavior only
attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body such as hormones and activity of the nervous system
Study of an individual in great detail
study of the physical changes in the brain and the nervous system during thinking.
modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving, and learning.
Subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may receive a placebo treatment
measure of relationship between two variables
number from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and the direction of the correlation.
reasonable judgment about claims
variable in the experiment that represents the measurable response or behavior of the subject
the experimenter or the subjects know if the subjects are in the experimental or control group
focuses on the biological bases of the universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result
subjects in an experiment who are subjected to the independent variable.
tendency of the experimenter’s expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures
perspective that emphasizes human potential and the idea that people have the freedom to choose their own destiny.
tentative explanation of a phenomenon based on observations.
variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimenter.
study in which the researcher observes people or animals in their normal environment.
the process of examining and measuring one’s own thoughts and mental activities.
tendency of observers to see what they expect to see
tendency of people or animals to behave differently from normal when they know they are being observed
definition of a variable of interest that allows it to be directly measured.
the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed.
the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior.
the entire group of people or animals in which the researcher is interested
Psychiatric social worker
focuses on the environmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty, overcrowding, stress, and drug abuse.
a medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
the theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud.
either a psychiatrist or a psychologist who has special training in the theories of Sigmund Freud and his method of psychoanalysis.
modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person’s behavior than sexual motivations.
professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology.
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
assigning subjects to the experimental or control groups randomly
, repeating a study or experiment to see if the same results will be obtained in an effort to demonstrate reliability of results
randomly selected sample of subjects from a larger population of subjects.
system of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement are reduced.
study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group
perspective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture.
focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the mind.