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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (25)
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1

What are the charges of the atoms?

Protons: positively charges
Neutrons: neutral
Electrons: negatively charged

2

Describe the masses of the subatomic particles:

Protons: 1
Neutron: 1
Electrons almost: 0

3

How do you know how many protons are in an atom?

Same as the number of electrons

4

What is an ion?

An atom that has lost or gained electrons

5

What is an element?

A substance made out of only one type of atom.

6

What elements are do these symbols represent?
Fe Pb Mg

Iron
Lead
Magnesium

7

What is the same about all the elements in the same group in the periodic table?

They all have the same number of electrons in their outer shell.

8

What is the same about elements in the same period?

They have the same amount of shells

9

What happens when elements have full outer shells?

They are stable/unresctive

10

What is the top number on the element?

The mass number,
(The. Umber of protons and neutrons)

11

What is the bottom number?

The atomic number
(Number of protons)

12

How do you find the number of neutrons?

Subtract the atomic number from the proton number

13

What are special about the elements in groups 1&2?

They are very reactive

14

What is special about the elements in between groups 2&3?

They are the transition metals

15

What is special about some elements form groups 3 to 7?

They are non metals

16

What is special about the elements in group 0?

They are noble gasses
(They have full outer shells)

17

What is the maximum number of electrons that can be held in the first 3 shells?

2 8 8

18

What is a compound?

Two or more element that are chemically bonded together

19

What do non metals do when they react?
What do metals do when the react?

Non metals gain electrons(forms negatively charged ions)
Electrons loose electrons (form positively changed ions)

The opposite charges mean that they are strongly attracted to each other

20

Describe the limestone cycle

Limestone is mainly calcium carbonate.
When it is heated it becomes calcium oxide.
When water is added to it it becomes calcium hydroxide.
When co2 is bubbled through it it becomes calcium carbonate again.

21

What is a use of calcium hydroxide?

Test for c02
(Turns cloudy)

22

How is cement made?

It is heated in a kiln with clay to make cement

23

How is mortar made?

Cement mixed with sand and water

24

How do you make concrete

Mix cement with sand and aggregate to make concrete

25

Describe the structure of an atom:

Protons and neutrons are in the nucleus
Electrons are around the nucleus