chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Regional synoptic meteorology > chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 1 Deck (101)
Loading flashcards...
1

The Arabian Peninsula  is a peninsula of 

 Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on theArabian plate.

2

From a geological perspective, it is considered a subcontinent of

Asia

3

It is the largest peninsula in the world, at 

3,237,500 km2

4

The Arabian Peninsula consists of the countries

Yemen, Oman, Qatar,Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and theUnited Arab Emirates, and parts ofJordan and Iraq. the island on bahrain lies off the east coast of the peninula

5

what are the countries of the GCC

KSA

kuwait

Bahrain

Qater

UAE

Oman

6

what country covers the grestest part of the peninsula

KSA

7

the majority of the population of the paninsula live in 

KSA and Yamen

8

The peninsula formed as a result of

the rifting of theRed Sea between 56 and 23 million years ago

9

The peninsula formed as a result of the rifting of theRed Sea between 56 and 23 million years ago, and is bordered by

the Red Sea to the west and southwest, the Arabian Gulf to the northeast, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.

البحر الاحمر

الخليج العربي

المحيط الهندي

10

The Arabian Peninsula plays a critical

 geopoliticalrole in the Middle East and the Arab world due to its vast reserves of oiland natural gas.

11

The Arabian Peninsula is located in the continent of 

Asia 

12

The Arabian Peninsula is located in the continent of Asia and bounded by (clockwise) 

the Arabian Gulf on the northeast, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman on the east, the Arabian Sea on the southeast and south, the Gulf of Adenon the south, the Bab-el-Mandeb strait on the southwest and the Red Sea, which is located on the southwest and west

الخليج العربي

مضيق هرمز

خليج عمان

بحر العرب

خليج عدن

مضيق باب المندب

البحر الاحمر

13

The northern portion of the peninsula merges with

the Syrian Desert with no clear border line

14

The northern portion of the peninsula merges with the Syrian Desert with no clear border line, although the northern boundary of the Arabian Peninsula is generally considered to be

the northern borders of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait

15

The most prominent feature of the peninsula is

desert

16

The most prominent feature of the peninsula is desert, but in the

southwest there are mountain ranges,

17

The most prominent feature of the peninsula is desert, but in the southwest there are mountain ranges, which

receive greater rainfall than the rest of the Arabian Peninsula.

18

............... is a large volcanic field that extends from ..............

Harrat ash Shaam 

the northwestern Arabian Peninsula into Jordan and southern Syria

حره الشام

19

Geologically, this region is perhaps more appropriately called the 

Arabian subcontinent

20

Geologically, this region is perhaps more appropriately called the Arabian subcontinent because

t lies on a tectonic plate of its own, the Arabian Plate, which has been moving incrementally away from the rest of Africa (forming the Red Sea) and north, toward Asia, into theEurasian plate (forming the Zagros mountains).

21

The rocks exposed vary systematically across Arabia, with the oldest rocks exposed in the

Arabian-Nubian Shieldnear the Red Sea, overlain by earlier sediments that become younger towards the Arabain Gulf.

22

Perhaps the best-preserved ophiolite on Earth, the

 Semail Ophiolite

23

Perhaps the best-preserved ophiolite on Earth, the Semail Ophiolite, lies exposed in the 

mountains of the UAE and northern Oman

24

The peninsula consists of:

  1. A central plateau
  2. A range of deserts
  3. In Hejaz, ranges of mountains, paralleling the Red Sea coast on the west (e.g. Asir province) but also at the southeastern end of the peninsula (Oman). 
  4. Stretches of dry or marshy coastland with coral reefs on the Red Sea side (Tihamah)

  5. Oases and marshy coast-land inEastern Arabia on the Persian Gulfside

25

The peninsula consists of:

  1. A central plateau, 

the Najd, with fertile valleys and pastures used for the grazing of sheep and other livestock

نجد (وسط السعوديه)ذ

26

The peninsula consists of:

2. A range of deserts:

the Nefud in the north, which is stony; the Rub' al Khali or Great Arabian Desert in the south, with sand estimated to extend 600 ft (180 m) below the surface; between them, the Dahna

صحراء النفوذ (صخر)ي

الربع الخالي

صحراء الدهناء

27

The peninsula consists of:

3. In Hejaz, ranges of mountains, paralleling the Red Sea coast on the west (e.g. Asir province) but also at the southeastern end of the peninsula (Oman). 

The mountains show a steady increase in altitude westward as they get nearer to Yemen, and the highest peaks and ranges are all located in Yemen The highest, Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb in Yemen, is 3666 m high

جبل النبي شعيب في اليمن هو اعلى جبل في شبه الجزيره

28

Arabia has few lakes or permanent rivers. Most areas are drained by 

ephemeral watercourses called wadis, which are dry except during the rainy season.

29

Plentiful ancient aquifers exist beneath much of the peninsula, however, and where this water surfaces, oases form (e.g.

Al-Hasa andQatif, two of the world's largest oases) and permit agriculture, especially palm trees, which allowed the peninsula to produce more dates than any other region in the world.

الحسى و القطيف 

30

In general, the climate is 

extremely hot and arid, although there are exceptions. Higher elevations are made temperate by their altitude, and the Arabian Sea coastline can receive surprisingly cool, humid breezes in summer due to cold upwelling offshore.