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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (53):
1

Who cleaned up the wards with a group of 38 nurses and lowered the death rate from 60% to 1%

Florence Nightingale

2

The union government appointed someone to organize woman volunteers to provide nursing care for soldiers who was is it?

Dorothea Dix

3

Who took volunteers into the field hospitals to care for soldiers from bot army’s ?

Clara Barton

4

What did Clara Barton create

The American Red Cross

5

This nurse took nursing out into the community. And in 1893 along with Mary Brewster they created the Henry Street Settlement Service that focused on the health needs of poor people

Lillian Wald

6

Actions taken to improve maintain or restore health or prevent illness

Interventions

7

An intervention aimed at restoring and maintaining a persons health

Caregiving skills

8

Nursing care that uses the best research evidence coupled with the clinical expertise of the clinician considering the values of the patient

Evidence-based nursing

9

What is designed to protect the public and defines the legal scope of practice

Practice acts

10

Practical nurses provide direct patient care under the supervision of who

A registered nurse, advanced practice nurse, physician assistant, physician, dentist, or podiatrist

11

What was created by Medicare in 1983 as an attempt to contain rising healthcare costs

DRGs

12

Insurance companies use this to keep their premium rates lower and intern makes insurance coverage of employees less expensive for employers

Using PPOs

13

The world health organization has a fine health as

A state of complete physical mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

14

What is a chronic illness

And illness that last for a long time

15

And illness that develop suddenly and resolves in a short time

Acute illness

16

And illness that develops slowly can be controlled but not cured and is long-lasting

Chronic illness

17

And illness with no cure

Terminal illness

18

An illness that develops without being caused by any other health problem

Primary illness

19

An illness that results from or is caused by a primary illness

Secondary illness

20

What is an idiopathic illness

A disease that has no known cause

21

Means without symptoms

Asymptomatic

22

And approach that considers the person’s biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual aspects in means

A holistic approach

23

What disturbs the organisms homeostasis and causes the body to attempt to adapt

Stress

24

What physician publish his research series on stress

Hans Selye

25

What are the general stages of general adaptations in your room by Selye

Alarm stage stage of resistance and stage of exhaustion

26

A stressor can be helpful or

Harmful depending on the person

27

Strategies that protect us from increasing anxiety they reduce both anxiety and the secretion of stress hormones

Defense mechanisms

28

Escaping unpleasant anxiety can’t think though it’s by refusing to acknowledge their existence. There is a persistent refusal to be swayed by evidence

Denial

29

Discharging intense feelings for one person on to another object or person who is less threatening, there by satisfying and impulse with a substitute object

Displacement

30

Of weather delays occurrence of a specific disease or disorder

Primary prevention

31

Consist of following guidelines for screening for diseases that are easily treated if found early for the detecting return of a disease

secondary prevention

32

Consist of rehabilitation measures after the disease or disorder has stabilize

Tertiary prevention

33

Who is held to the same standards as a licensed nurse

Student nurse

34

What do student nurses need to learn, it must include its definition of nursing in that state where they are practicing and they must not exceed the scope of practice

Nurse practice act

35

The assignment of duties to another person

Delegation

36

What are the most common charges brought against nurses

Substance abuse, incompetent, and negligence

37

If you do not report another professional misconduct you can be charged with

Negligence

38

And unexpected patient care event that results in death or serious injury to the patient

Sentinel event

39

The S4 a method of communication is a strategy that reduces the likelihood of

Critical patient details being lost

40

This is the property of the hospital agency our primary care provider not the patient

Medical record

41

Required the creation of regulations regarding patient privacy and electronic medical record

Hippa

42

When a person is older than 18 years and is competent what must they sign

Consent for treatment

43

When is a person considered in compensate

Unconscious, under the influence of mind altering drugs, or declared legally incompetent

44

Someone who has established independence by moving away from parents or through service in that warm forces, married, or pregnancy

An emancipated minor

45

Sometimes called a living will and is a consent that has been constructed before the need for it arises

Advance directive

46

A document that gives legal power to a healthcare agent who is a person chosen by the patient to follow the patient advance directives and make medical decisions on his behalf

A durable power of attorney

47

Negligence by a professional person, the person does not act according to professional standards of care as a reasonable and prudent professional would

Malpractice

48

To prove malpractice, four elements must be present what are they

Duty, a breach of duty, causation, and injury

49

The threat to Horm another or even to threaten to take another without that person’s permission

Assault

50

The actual physical contact that has been refused or that is carried out against the persons will

Battery

51

This occurs when there has been a violation of the confidential and privileged nature of a professional relationship

Invasion of privacy

52

Preventing a person from leaving or restricting his movements in the facility is considered

False imprisonment

53

When a person wants to leave the hospital against the advice of the primary care provider they must sign

An AMA