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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (37):
1

Anatomy

Structure of body parts and their relationships to one another
Bones, muscles, gi organs

2

Physiology

Function of the body and how it carries out activities
Heart - Pumps blood
Kidneys- Filter Blood

3

Gross Anatomy

Study of large structures visible to the eye
ex: Heart, Lungs, Body Parts

4

Regional Anatomy

All structures in a particular region
Ex: abdominal, femoral

5

Systemic Anatomy

Body structures studied by systems
ex. Respiratory system, cardiovascular

6

Surface Anatomy

Study of internal structures as they relate to overlying skin surface
ex: palpation

7

Microscopic Anatomy

Cytology-cells
Histology- tissues
Cells come together to make tissue

8

Histology

tissues

9

Cytology

Cells

10

Developmental Anatomy

Structural changes throughout life
Embryology – study of changes before birth

11

Pathological Anatomy

Disease

12

Radiological Anatomy

X-rays, MRI, CT

13

Chemical and Cellular

Atoms and molecule organelles make cells

14

Tissues

Muscle, Nervous, Epithelial, Connective are types of _______

15

Organ

Stomach, Kidney

16

Organ System

Respiratory, Reproductive, Urinary

17

Organismal

Human

18

Maintaining Boundaries

Separate internal from external environment
Example: Skin, Mucous membrane

19

Movement

Muscles and Bones, metaphase

20

Responsiveness

Ability to sense change
ex: reflexes

21

Digestion

Breaking down of food into smaller molecules
Ex: Nutrition

22

Metabolism

All the chemical reactions that occur in our body
Anabolic and Catabolic

23

Catabolic

Smaller

24

Anabolic

Bigger

25

Nervous System

Communication and Control Center

26

Endocrine System

Hormones

27

Cardiovascular System

Heart and Blood Vessels

28

Lymphatic System

Fights Disease

29

Respiratory System

Oxygen (Breath in) - > Carbon Dioxide ( breath out)

30

Digestive System

Nutrients and Waste

31

Urinary System

Waste of out blood
ions concentration -> water balance

32

Excretion

Removal of wastes from the body
EX: Urine, Feces (digestion), sweat

33

Reproduction

Cellular and Organismal level
Sperm+Eggs= Zygote

34

Growth

Increase in size of body part or organism

35

Integumentary System (skin)

Protection, Vitamin D

36

Skeletal system (bones)

Movement, Storing minerals
Hematopoiesis: how blood cells are made

37

Muscular System

Muscles move bones
create heat