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Flashcards in chapter 1-atoms and bounding Deck (16):
1

Atom

smallest part of any element that retains all the properties of that element.

2

Chemical bonding

the combining of atom of elements to form new substances.

3

Valence electrons

electrons in the outermost shell energy levels.

4

Ionic bonding

bonding that involves the transfer of electrons. (TRANSFERRING)

5

Ion

a charged atom

6

Ionization

the process of reviving electrons and forming ions.

7

Ionization energy

the energy needed for ionization.

8

Electron affinity

the tendency to attract electrons.

9

Crystal lattice

the placement of ions in an ionic compound results in a regular, repeating, arrangement.

10

Covalent bonding

bonding that involves the sharing of electrons. (SHARE)

11

Diatomic element

an element whose atoms can form covalent bonds with another atom of the same element.

12

Molecule

the combination of atoms formed by a covalent bond.

13

Network solid

covently bonded substances that have high melting point because its molecules are bigger.

14

Polyatomic ion

a group of covalently bonded atoms that acts like a single atom when combining with other atoms.

15

Metallic bond

bonds formed by metal in which the outer electrons of the atom form. (SEA)

16

Oxidation number

the number of electrons an atom gains or looses, or shares when it forms chemical bonds.