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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Examples And Behaviors Deck (31):
1

Psychopathology

The symptoms and signs of mental disorders

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Abnormal Psychology

The study of mental disorders using psychological science

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Psychosis

Mental disorder that describes someone that is out of touch with reality

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Syndrome

A group of correlated symptoms that usually appear together to represent a mental disorder

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Gender dysphoria

Beliefs that one is a member of the opposite sex trapped in the wrong body

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Approaches to Abnormal Behavior

1) Subjective - person feels distressed or discomfort
2)Statistical Norms - how common or rare it is
3)Harmful Dysfunction - disruptions of thought, feeling, communication, perception, and motivation

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Flourishing

People who function at the highest levels

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Female orgasmic disorder

Absence of orgasmic accompanied by social difficulties

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Epidemiology

Frequency and distribution of a disorder within a population

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Incidence

Number of new cases over a specific period of time

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Prevalence

Total number of active cases over a specific period of time

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NCS-R

National Comorbidity Survey Replication
2001- 2003
Large scale study of mental disorder showing the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders at 46%

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Epidemiology studies show these mental disorders were common among women

Major depression
Anxiety disorders
Eating disorders

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Epidemiology studies show that these disorders are common among men

Alcoholism
Antisocial personality

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Epidemiology studies show this shows up equally between meN And women

Bipolar disorder

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Comorbidity

The presence of more than one condition at the same time

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How to measure disease burden?

Mortality - lost years of healthy life
Disability - severity

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Psychiatry

The study and treatment of mental disorders
Branch of medicine

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Clinical Psychology

Application of physical science to the assessment of mental disorders. Phd, Psyd

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Social Work

Helping people achieve an effective level of psychosocial functioning. Masters

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Dorothea Dix

Advocate of humanistic movement in hospitals

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Samuel Woodward

Focused on violations of natural or conventional behavioral.
At least half of the patients could be traced to immoral , improper living conditions, and exposure to unnatural stresses

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Case study

An in-depth look at the symptoms surrounding one person’s mental disturbances

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Hypothesis

Any new prediction

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Experimental hypothesis

Any new idea that must be stated in correlation to all studies and experiments

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Null hypothesis

Predicts the experimental hypothesis is not true

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Hippocrates

Natural causes to mental disorders
a balance of black bile, yellow bile, blood, and phlegm

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Disease Burden

measures the combination of mortality and disability

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Disorder

a group of symptoms that exist together

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Lifetime prevalence

number of people affected by a disorder within a population over a lifetime

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cross-cultural comparisons

how a disorder presents itself over different societies