Chapter 1 - Feminist Perspective - Module 1 Flashcards Preview

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Gender is defined as a person's self-representation as man or woman or the way in which social institutions respond to that person based on the individual's gender presentation.

Gender is not synonymous with sex.


Gender, Let's Talk definition

Gender refers to what a person, society, or legal system defines as "male" or "female."



Sex refers to one's biological characteristics - anatomical (breast, vagina; penis, testicles), physiological (menstrual cycle; spermatogenesis, and genetic (XX, XY) - as a female or male.



Feminism is a perspective that acknowledges the oppression of women within a patriarchal society, and struggles toward the elimination of sexist oppression and domination for all human beings.



Oppression is defined as "not having a choice,"


Feminist Model of Care, Components

- Works with women as opposed to for women; partnership, not authoritative relationship
- Uses heterogeneity as an assumption, not homogeneity
- Minimizes or exposes power imbalances, based on a belief in a woman's right to self-determination.
- Rejects androcentric models as normative
- Challenges the medicalization and pathologizing of normal physiologic processes
- Seeks social and political change to address women's health issues.



Medicalization is the process of labeling conditions as "diseases" or "disorders" as a basis for providing medical treatment. This can lead to the general expansion of medical control into everyday life.



Sex is the classification of living things as man or woman according to their reproductive organs and functions assigned by chromosomal complement.



Gender is a person's self-representation as man or woman or who that person is responded to by social institutions based on the individual's gender presentation. Gender is rooted in biology and shaped by the environment and experience.



Biology is the study of life and living organisms, including the genetic, molecular, biochemical, hormonal, cellular, physiological, behavioral, and psychosocial aspects of life.


Single most powerful contributor to illness and premature death

Low socioeconomic status is the single most powerful contributor to illness and premature death.


Racial and ethnic disparities

Women of racial and ethnic minority groups experience many of the same health concerns as do white women; however, as a group, the are "in poorer health, use fewer health services, and continue to suffer disproportionately from premature death, disease, and disabilities."


Gender-based violence

Any act of gender-based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.


Human Rights Framework for Safe Motherhood

- Rights relating to life, liberty, and security of the person.
- Rights relating to the foundation of families and of family life
- Rights relating to the highest attainable standard of health and the benefits of scientific progress, including health information and education.
- Rights relating to equality and nondiscrimination on grounds such as sex, marital status, race, age, and class.


Health, biomedical definition

Health is biomedically defined as the absence of disease.


Health, WHO definition

Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.


Prerequisites before health can occur

- Freedom from the fear of war
- Equal opportunity for all
- Satisfaction of basic needs for food, water, and sanitation, education, and decent housing
- Secure work
- Useful role in society
- Political will
- Public support


Social model of health

The social model of health places the focus of health on the community, rather than the individual. The prevention of health problems becomes both a social burden and an individual responsibility.


Chapter 1

is finished.