Chapter 1 Integrating Research EBP And Quality Improvement Processes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Integrating Research EBP And Quality Improvement Processes Deck (20)
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1
Q

What is the domain of nursing?

A

Medicine, nursing, collaborative problem

2
Q

What is medicine?

A

Identification and treatment of a disease condition based on specific evaluation of signs and symptoms, standard of care, evidence on likelihood of positive outcome

3
Q

What is nursing?

A

Identification and treatment of the patients response to an actual or potential health problem

4
Q

What is collaborative problem?

A

Actual or potential physiological complication that nurses monitor to detect a change in patient status

5
Q

What does EBP allow?

A

One to systematically use the best available experience from research with the integration of individual clinical expertise, as well as the patients values and preferences to make clinical decisions

6
Q

Nurses should be…

A

Knowledgeable consumers of research

7
Q

What is nursing research?

A

The systematic, rigorous, critical investigation that aims to answer questions about nursing phenomena

8
Q

What are the methods used by nurse researchers?

A

The methods are the same methods used by other disciplines; the difference is that nurses study questions relevant to nursing practice

9
Q

What steps do nurse researchers follow?

A

the steps of the scientific process

10
Q

What are the two types of research?

A

Quantitative and qualitative

11
Q

What does qualitative research include?

A
Seeks to understand meaning of human experience
Usually conducted in natural settings 
Seeks to DESCRIBE experiences 
Subjective approach
Theory generating
12
Q

What is quantitative research?

A
Seeks to test relationships or answer a question
Explains cause-and-effect relationships
Seeks to DESCRIBE phenomena
Objectivity is important 
Theory testing
13
Q

What is a research critique?

A

The process of critical appraisal that objectively and critically evaluates a research reports content for scientific merit and application to practice

14
Q

What does a research critique require?

A

Some knowledge of the subject matter and knowledge of how to critically read and use critiquing criteria

15
Q

What is quality?

A

The extent to which a study’s design, implementation, and analysis minimize bias

16
Q

What is quantity?

A

The number of studies that have evaluated the research question including sample size as well as strength of the findings from data analysis

17
Q

What is consistency?

A

The degree to which other studies, with similar or different designs, investigating the same research question report similar findings

18
Q

Quality improvement in nursing practice settings?

A

Conducting an assessment
Setting goals for improvement
Identifying ideas for change
Deciding how improvements will be measured
Rapidly testing practice changes
Measuring improvements in care
Adopting the practice change as a new standard of care

19
Q

What is the most common first step in the quality improvement process?

A

C. Conducting an assessment

20
Q

What is an assessment of a group of research studies that test a similar research question?

A

A. Systematic review