Chapter 1- Intro Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 1- Intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1- Intro Deck (95):
1

-algia

Pain, suffering

2

Dys-

Bad, difficult, or painful

3

-ectomy

Surgical removal, cutting out

4

Hyper-

Excessive, increased

5

Hypo-

Deficient, decreased

6

-itis

Inflammation

7

-osis

Abnormal condition, disease

8

-ostomy

The surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

9

-otomy

Cutting, surgical incision

10

-plasty

Surgical repair

11

-rrhage

Bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge

12

Cyanosis

Blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

13

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

14

Leukocyte

White blood cell

15

Melanosis

Any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs

16

Poliomyelitis

Viral infection of the gray nerve tissue of the spinal chord

17

Neuroplasty

Surgical repair of nerve

18

Neurorrhaphy

Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

19

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart

20

Gastrosis

Any disease of the stomach

21

Pathology

Study of all aspects of diseases

22

Gastralgia/Gastrodynia

Pain in the stomach

23

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach

24

Arteriomalacia

Abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries

25

Arterionecrosis

Tissue death of an artery or arteries

26

Arteriostenosis

Abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries

27

Abdominocentesis

Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

28

Angiography

Process of producing a x-ray study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible

29

Angiogram

Resulting film that is produced by angiography

30

Myoplasty

Surgical repair of a muscle

31

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

32

Hemorrhage

The loss of a large amount of blood

33

Myorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of a muscle wound

34

Diarrhea

Frequent flow of loose or watery stool

35

Myorrhexis

Rupture of a muscle

36

Natal

Pertaining to birth

37

Prenatal

Time & events before birth

38

Perinatal

Time & events surrounding birth

39

Postnatal

Time & events after birth

40

Otorhinolaryngology

Study of the ears,nose, and throat

41

Otolaryngology

Study of the ears & throat

42

Lithotomy

Surgical incision for the removal of a stone/examination position in which the patient is lying on their back with their legs & feet raised & supported in stirrups

43

Edema

Swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body

44

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the appendix

45

Endarterial

Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery

46

Arthralgia

Pain in a joint/joints

47

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix

48

Colotomy

Surgical incision into the colon

49

Disease

Condition in which one or more body parts aren’t functioning normally

50

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis, part of kidney

51

Py/o

Pus

52

Myel/o

Bone marrow/spinal chord

53

Myc/o

Fungus

54

My/o

Muscle

54

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery/arteries

54

Fissure

Groove or crack-like sore of the skin

54

Fistula

Passageway usually between two organs, or from an organ to the body surface, may be due to surgery, injury, or the draining of an abscess

54

Ileum

Last & longest part of the small intestine

54

Ilium

Part of the hip bone

55

Exudate

Fluid, such as pus, that leaks from infected wound

55

Supination

Rotating the arm so that the Palm is upward/forward

56

Pyrosis

Heartburn

56

Suppurations

Discharge/formation of pus

56

Triage

Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need & the proper place for treatment

57

Pyoderma

Acute, inflammatory, pus-forming, bacterial infection

66

Fissure

Groove or crack-like sore of the skin

67

Fistula

Abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body; may be due to surgery, injury, or draining of an abscess

68

Ileum

The last & longest portion of the small intestine

69

Ilium

Part of the hip bone

70

Meningitis

In which the cause of the inflammation is an infection

71

Tendinitis

Inflammation usually caused by overuse

72

Infection

Invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism

73

Malaise

Word of French origin referring to a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease

74

Exudate

A fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound

75

Inflammation

Localized response to an injury or the destruction of tissues

76

Laceration

A torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut

77

Lesion

Pathologic change of the tissues due to a disease or injury

78

Mucous

Specialized membranes that line the body cavities

79

Mucus

The fluid secreted by mucous membranes

80

Mycosis

Any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

81

Myelopathy

Any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord

82

Myopathy

Any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

83

Dermatologist

Physician who specializes in diagnosing & treating disorders of the skin

84

Neonatology

The study of disorders of the newborn

85

Palpation

Examination technique in which the examiners hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts

86

Palpitation

Pounding or racing heart

87

Pyelitis

Inflammation of the renal pelvis

88

Pyoderma

Any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection

89

Pyrosis

Heartburn

90

Supination

Act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward & upward

91

Suppuration

Formation or discharge of pus

92

Triage

Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need & the proper place of treatment

93

Trauma

Wound or injury

94

Viral

Pertaining to a virus

95

Virile

Having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male