Chapter 1-Intro To Ems Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1-Intro To Ems Systems Deck (25)
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Emergency care

The prehospital assessment and basic care for the ill or injured patient


Emergency medical services (EMS) System

The chain of Human Resources and services linked together to provide continuous emergency care at the scene and during transport to a medical facility


Medical Director

A physician who assumes the ultimate responsibility for medical oversight of the patient care aspects of the EMS system


Medical Oversight

The supervision related to patient care provided for an EMS system or one of its components by a licensed physician


Scope of Practice Model

A national model that defines the scope of care for the four nationally recognized levels of EMS provider


National EMS Education Standard

The education and training standards developed by the national highway traffic safety administration (NHTSA) for the four nationally recognized levels of EMS training


Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

A member of the EMS system who has been trained to render first-aid care for a patient and to assist higher-level providers at the emergency scene


Scope of Practice

The care that an emergency medical responder, an emergency medical technician, or paramedic is allowed and supposed to provide according to local, state, or regional regulations or statues. Also called scope of care


Emergency medical technician (EMT)

A member of the EMS system whose training emphasizes assessment, care, and transportation of the ill or injured patient. Depending on the level of training, emergency care may include starting iv, inserting certain advanced air ways, and administrating some medications


Advanced emergency medical technician (AEMT)

A member of the EMS system whose training includes basic-level EMT training plus responsibility for minimal level of advanced life support. Additional skills included starting iv, inserting certain advanced airways, and administering certain medications



A member of the EMS system whose training includes advanced life support care, such as inserting advanced airways and starting iv lines. Paramedics also administer medications, interpret electrocardiograms, monitor cardiac rhythms, and perform cardiac defibrillation


Public safety answering point (PSAP)

A designated 911 emergency dispatch center


Emergency medical dispatcher

A member of the EMS system who provides presto all instructions to callers, thereby helping initiate lifesaving care before EMS personnel arrive


Speciality hospital

A hospital that is capable of providing specialized services such as trauma care, pediatric care, cardiac care, stroke care, or burn care



Written guidelines that direct the care of EMS personnel provide for patients


Standing orders

The medical directors specific instructions for specific medical conditions or injuries


Off-line medical directions

An EMS systems written standing orders and protocols, which authorize personnel to perform particular skills in certain situations without actually speaking to the medical director or her designated agent. Also called indirect medical direction


On-line medical direction

Orders to perform a skill or administer care from the on-duty physician, given to the rescuer in person by radio nor by phone. Also called direct medical direction


Emergency medical responder

Trained to reach patients, find out what is wrong, and provide emergency care while on scene. Trained to move patients when necessary with out causing further injury. First medically trained personnel to reach the patient


Personal protective equipment (PPE)

Primary concern as a EMR is personal safety. Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes:
Disposable gloves
Barrier devices (face masks)
Protective eyewear
Specialized face masks (HEPA and N95)
Gowns or aprons


Six main patient-related duties to carry out at the emergency scene

Size up the scene
Determine he patients chief complaint
Lift, move or reposition the patient only when necessary
Transfer the patient and patient information
Protect the patients privacy and maintain confidentiality
Be the patients advocate


Continuous quality improvements (CQI)

A continuous improvement in the quality of the product or service being delivered


Public health system

Local resources dedicated to promoting optimal health and quality of life for the people and communities they serve


Disaster medical assistance team (DMAT)

Specialized teams designed to provide medical care following disasters



The systematic investigation to establish facts