Chapter 1: Prefixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Prefixes Deck (17)
1

a- (an- before a vowel or h)

i.e: a-biogenesis, a-sthenia, cardi-a-stenia, an-algesia, an-hydrous
without, lacking, deficient

2

anti- (ant- often before a vowel or h); hyphenated before "i"

i.e: anti-biotic, ant-acid
against, opposed to, preventing, relieving

3

di- (rarely dis)

i.e: di-phonia, dis-diaclast
two, twice, double

4

dys-

i.e: dys-trophy, dys-pnea
difficult, painful, defective, abnormal

5

ec- (ex- before a vowel)

i.e: ec-tasis, ex-encephalia
out of, away from

6

ecto- (ect- often before a vowel)

i.e: ecto-derm, ect-ostosis
outside of

7

en- (em- before b, m, and p)

i.e: en-cephalitis, em-bolism, em-metropia, em-physema
in, intro, within

8

endo-, ento- (end-, ent- before a vowel)

i.e: endo-genous, ento-cele, end-odontics, ent-optic
within

9

epi- (ep- before a vowel or h)

i.e: epi-cardium, ep-encephalon

within, inner, above, upon

10

exo-

i.e: exo-cardia, exo-crine
outside, from the outside, toward the outside

11

hemi

i.e: hemi-cardia, hemi-plegia
half, partial; (often) one side of the body

12

hyper

i.e: hyper-hidrosis, hyper-lipemia
over, above, excessive, beyond normal

13

hypo (hyp- before a vowel or h)

i.e: hypo-chondria, hyp-acousia
under, deficient, below normal

14

mono- (mon- before a vowel or h)

i.e: mono-blast, mon-ocular
one, single

15

peri-

i.e: peri-angiitis, peri-cardiac
around, surrounding

16

syn- (sym- before b, p, and m; the n assimilates or is dropped before s)

i.e: syn-apse, sym-biosis, sym-pathy, sy-stolic
together, with, joined

17

deca

ten