Flashcards in Chapter 1- Section 1&2 Quiz Deck (22)
A period from 1400 to 1600 that experienced a rebirth, or a renewal in an interest and development in European art, literature, science, and learning.
As a result of nobles and merchants becoming very wealthy from trade, the knowledge of arts increased as they sought to display their wealth through patronizing (purchasing) the arts.
Inspired by interest in rediscovered Greek and Roman culture. It provided a contrast with Church teachings that individuality and achievement were relatively important, as well as emphasizing individual accomplishment.
Ideas, thoughts, subjects and/or aspects of culture that are worldly rather than spiritually focused.
Everyday language of the people
A diplomat whose book The Courtier gave nobles new rules for refined behavior In a humanist society. Audience was focused towards nobles and the whole society.
Wrote a book, The Prince, in which he advised rulers to separate morals from politics an advance the idea that " the end justifies the means".
Italian Renaissance Art
Focused on religious paintings with an emphasis on the personalities of religious figures rather than on their religious significance. Italian art was also known for their mythological scenes.
A new artistic technique of the Renaissance that represented three-dimensional objects on flat surfaces.
A painting made on plaster before it dries. (painted on walls)
Leonardo da Vinci
Known as the ultimate Renaissance Man, Leonardo was interested in all things renaissance. He is best known for painting the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
An accomplished painter, sculptor, and architect. Painted humans in god-like images. Best known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the sculptures of David and Pieta.
Renowned painter, The School of Athens is his most famous singular work.
Famous architect who designed St.Peter's Basilica.
Given credit for the movable type printing press. It was revolutionary because with easier access to books, more people learned how to read which created a demand in the production of books. This increased the number of people that could read after the mid 1400's because printed material became more available.
A Christian humanist, Erasmus focused on the stripping away of rituals and politics of religion and living a simple and pure Christian life. His works were condemned by the Catholic Church and censored in Paris because it fanned the fires of discontent with the Church.
Sir Thomas More
An English humanist and author of Utopia, a book in which governments of the day were criticized and a blueprint of a perfect society was illustrated.
A well-known English playwright who told old stories in new ways influenced by humanism.
Christine de Pisan
Italian born noblewoman who wrote of the role women played in society such as proper morality. (Her audience was focused on women.)
Northern Renaissance Art
Known or its attention to realistic scenes, Flemish painters focused on the details of everyday life, while Italian painters often showed mythological scenes. Northern artists also used symbolism.
Jan Van Eyke
Perfected the oil painting technique that gave the Flemish School its distinctive style.