Chapter 1- Section 1&2 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1- Section 1&2 Quiz Deck (22)
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Renaissance

A period from 1400 to 1600 that experienced a rebirth, or a renewal in an interest and development in European art, literature, science, and learning.

1

Italian city-states

As a result of nobles and merchants becoming very wealthy from trade, the knowledge of arts increased as they sought to display their wealth through patronizing (purchasing) the arts.

2

Humanism

Inspired by interest in rediscovered Greek and Roman culture. It provided a contrast with Church teachings that individuality and achievement were relatively important, as well as emphasizing individual accomplishment.

3

Secular

Ideas, thoughts, subjects and/or aspects of culture that are worldly rather than spiritually focused.

4

Vernacular

Everyday language of the people

5

Baldassare Castiglione

A diplomat whose book The Courtier gave nobles new rules for refined behavior In a humanist society. Audience was focused towards nobles and the whole society.

6

Niccolo Machiavelli

Wrote a book, The Prince, in which he advised rulers to separate morals from politics an advance the idea that " the end justifies the means".

7

Italian Renaissance Art

Focused on religious paintings with an emphasis on the personalities of religious figures rather than on their religious significance. Italian art was also known for their mythological scenes.

8

Perspective

A new artistic technique of the Renaissance that represented three-dimensional objects on flat surfaces.

9

Fresco

A painting made on plaster before it dries. (painted on walls)

10

Leonardo da Vinci

Known as the ultimate Renaissance Man, Leonardo was interested in all things renaissance. He is best known for painting the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

11

Michelangelo

An accomplished painter, sculptor, and architect. Painted humans in god-like images. Best known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the sculptures of David and Pieta.

12

Raphael

Renowned painter, The School of Athens is his most famous singular work.

13

Bramante

Famous architect who designed St.Peter's Basilica.

14

Johannes Gutenberg

Given credit for the movable type printing press. It was revolutionary because with easier access to books, more people learned how to read which created a demand in the production of books. This increased the number of people that could read after the mid 1400's because printed material became more available.

15

Erasmus

A Christian humanist, Erasmus focused on the stripping away of rituals and politics of religion and living a simple and pure Christian life. His works were condemned by the Catholic Church and censored in Paris because it fanned the fires of discontent with the Church.

16

Sir Thomas More

An English humanist and author of Utopia, a book in which governments of the day were criticized and a blueprint of a perfect society was illustrated.

17

William Shakespeare

A well-known English playwright who told old stories in new ways influenced by humanism.

18

Christine de Pisan

Italian born noblewoman who wrote of the role women played in society such as proper morality. (Her audience was focused on women.)

19

Northern Renaissance Art

Known or its attention to realistic scenes, Flemish painters focused on the details of everyday life, while Italian painters often showed mythological scenes. Northern artists also used symbolism.

20

Jan Van Eyke

Perfected the oil painting technique that gave the Flemish School its distinctive style.

21

Contrast the Italian Renaissance art and northern renaissance art.

Italian artists-
-used realism and perspective
- painted mythological scenes
-focused on religious paintings with an emphasis on the personalities of religious figures rather than on their religious significance.
- tried to capture the beauty of Greek and roman gods in their paintings.

Northern artists-
- painted in oils
- developed own distinct style, used a technique of oil painting
- used symbolism to fuse the everyday life.
- liked to depict people how they really were
- painted realistic scenes