The initial questioning of one's own (prosecution or defense) witness during a trial
The monetary amount required for pretrial release, normally set by a judge at the initial appearance. The purpose of bail is to ensure the return of the accused at a subsequent proceedings
Dismissal of a prospective juror by either the prosecution or the defense because he or she is biased, because he or she has prior knowledge about a case, or for other reasons that demonstrate the individual's inability to render a fair and impartial trial.
Challenge for cause
The constitutional right of a criminal defendant to see and cross-examine all the witnesses against him or her
The action by a hand jury when it votes to indict an accused suspect
Dismissal of a prospective juror by either the prosecution or the defense for unexplained, discretionary reasons.
The action by a grand jury when it votes not to indict an accused suspect.
The process in which a personal jury panel is questioned by the prosecution and the defense in order to select jurors who are unbiased.
A formal charging document, similar to an indictment based on probable cause as determined at a preliminary hearing
Hearing before a magistrate to determine whether the government has sufficient evidence to show probable cause that the defendant committed the crime
The amendment to the U.S. Constitution that guarantees freedom of speech, religion, press, and assembly, and the right of the people to petition the government for redress of grievances.
A plea of "no contest"- the defendant submits to sentencing without any formal of admission of guild that could be used against him or her in a subsequent civil suit
people who either are denied bail or cannot afford to post bail before trial and are kept in secure confinement
The questioning of a prosecution witness by the defense, or of a defense witness by the prosecution.
A written accusation returned by a grand jury, charging an individual with a specified crime after determination of probable cause
The group called for jury duty from which jury panels are selected
A sworn statement addressed to a court or judge by the police, prosecutor, or individual alleging that an individual has committed an offense and requesting indictment and prosecuting.
Testimony that is not first hand but, rather, relates information told by a second party.
In trial court appearance, at which the accused is read the charges, advised of his or her rights, and asked to enter a plea.
The report of a grand jury investigation, which usually includes a recommendation of indictment